Malumoti ohirin
Home / Gunogun / LUBIYOIHO

LUBIYOIHO

lubioihoLUBIYOIHO (Leguminosae), oilai rastanihoi dupallagi, ki dar hamai nohiyahoi kurai Zamin vase pahn shudaand. Bargho oddi yo murakkab, gulho beshtar dar gultuda buda, 5 (bazan 4) gulbarg dorand; gulbargi boloi bayraq, du gulbargi pahlui bel, du gulbargi maydatarini digar zavraqcha nomida meshavand. Lubiyoiho odatan 10 (bazan ziyod) gardbarg dorand.

Lubiyoiho qarib 700 jins va ziyoda az 1200 namudi rastanihoi yaksola va bisyorsolai alafi, nimbutta, butta, bazan darakhtiro darbar megirand. Dar SSSR ziyoda az 60 jinya va 1800 namud, dar Tojikiston 55 jins va 550 namudi Lubiyoiho meruyand.

Lubiyoiho yake az oilai muhimtarini rastanihoi pushidatukhm meboshand. Dar bayni onho rastanihoi qimmatbahoi dorui, oroishi, khuroki va g. khele bisyorand. Tukhmi nakhud, lubiyo, nask va g. miqdori ziyodi safeda dorand. Kirmina, yunuchqa, sebarga, esparset va g. behtarin rastanihoi khuroki chorvo meboshand. Afsonak, qashqarbeda va g. rastanihoi dorui ba shumor meravand. Ba namudhoi oroishii Lubiyoiho nakhudi khushbuy, aqoqiyo, glisiniya va g. misol shuda metavonand.

Munosibati simbiozii Lubiyoiho bo bakteriyahoi azotanduz, ki dar reshai Lubiyoiho meshavand, khususiyati muhimi biologii onho meboshad. Bakteriyahoi azotanduz (Bacterium rodicicola) karbogidrathoi Lubiyoihoro istifoda burda az nitrogeni ozodi havo payvasthoi nitrogenii baroi rastani zarur hosil mekunand.

Ad.: Flora Tadjikskoy SSR, t. 5, D., 1978.

M. Rasulova.

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

SADI ShEROZI

SADI ShEROZI— maruf ba Sadi Kal yo Gul (soli tavallud va vafot nomalum), shoiri fors-tojik …