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PODUMHO

podumho

PODUMHO (Sollembola), yak qatori hasharothoi darajai pastro guyand, ki ba zersinfi apterigotho mansub ast.  Podumqo hasharoti nakhustbebol buda, sokhti khele sodda dorand. Andozaashon 0,2—2 (bazan 5—10) mm. Khelhoi Podumqo nihoyat bisyor buda, onho dar khoku nabotot zindagi mekunand; dar 1 m2 jangal, dasht va alafzor sadho hazor Podumqoro didan mumkin ast. Podumqo qadimtarin mavjudot buda, dar tamomi qitahoi olam (hatto dar Antarktida) zindagi mekunand. Podumqo boqimondai nabotot, zanburughoi obi, obsabzho, gulsangho, jasadi murda va gayraro mekhurand. Onho dar khokho silshavi, gardishi moddaho dar tabiat va usuli zoologii indikatsiya khok roli kalon mebozand. Baze Podumqo dar rui obi obanboru bahrho va gorho zindagi mekunand. Bazei digarashon (masalan  Sminthurus virides) zararrasoni ziroathoi lubiyogi meboshand. Dar Tojikiston ziyoda aa 100 namudi Podumqo omukhta shudaast; dar bayni onho yak qator namudhoi «arktikiyu alpi», ki ham dar jazirahoi uqyonusi Yakhbastai Shimoli, ham dar kuhhoi balandi Pomiru Oloy duchor meshavand, inchunin chande az namudhoi faunai Hindustonu Malay va Himoloy mavjudand.

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SAKhAROZA

SAKhAROZA, qandi nayshakar yo lablabu, yake az muhimtarin disakharidhost, ki dar hamai rastanihoi fotosintezkunanda mavjud …