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Naqliyoti truboprovodi

Naqliyoti truboprovodi, naqliyotest, ki tavassuti trubaho (gulbaho) az joi istikhroj yo az istehsolot ba joyhoi korkard yo istemol neft, mahsuloti neft, gaz va gayraro intiqol medihand. Truboprovodho gunogun meshavand: truboprovodi ‘magistrali baroi intiqoli neft, gaz va gayra, ba masofai kalon, truboprovodi sanoati (mahalli) ba­roi intiqoli neft, gaz va gayra ba za­vodu bazahoi neft (nigared Neftepro­vod, Gazoprovod). Kharojoti naqliyoti truboprovodi magistrali nazar ba kharojoti naqliyoti rohi ohan 3—5 marotiba kamtar ast. Vodoprovod ham yake az namudhoi Naqliyoti truboprovodi meboshad. Darozii umumii nefteprovodi tamomi dunyo soli 1913, 33  kilometr bud, soli 1967 boshad, on ba 356 hazor kilometr rasid. Dar hamin davra gardishi bor az 16 milliard ba 1023, milliard tonna kilomemr rasid (63,8 marotiba afzud). Soli 1967 ba siste­mai naqliyoti jahon 485 hazor kilometr ga­zoprovodi magistrali hamroh karda shud.

Dar Rossiya avvalin truboprovod baroi intiqoli gaz truboprovodi Boku—Batumi (1842 kilometr) solhoi 1897— 1907 cokhta shudaast. Soli 1913 dar Ros­siya darozii nefteprovod 1,1 hazor kilometr, gardishi bor 0,3 milliard tonna kilometr, 1940 boshad, dar SSSR muvofiqai 4,1 hazor kilometr , 3,83 milliard tonna kilometr, 1972 42,9 hazor kilometr va 375,93 milliard tonna kilometr , 1980 69,7 hazor kilometr  va 1196,8 3 milliard tonna kilometr  bud. S. 1964 coxtmoni iavbati yakumi nefteprovodi kalontarini dunyo — «Drujba» ba okhir rasid. Solhoi 1966—70 dar SSSR 7,9 hazor kilometr nefteprovodhoi magist­rali sokhta shudand. Muhimtarini onho:      Ust—Balik—Omsk, Alek­sandrovskoe — Nijnevartovskiy — Ust—Balik, Uyaen—Gurev—Kuy­bishev, Yaroslavl—Kirishi. Soli 1973 dar SSSR kalontarin nefteprovodi Samatlor— Ust— Balik—Kurgan— Ufa—Almetevsk (1836 kilometr) sokhta shud.

Dar SSSR nakhustin gazoprovodi magistrali — gazoprovodi Saratov— Moskva soli 1946 ba istifoda doda shud. Badtar sistemai magist­ralii gazoprovodi Sentralnaya,

Sharqiyu Ukraina, Garbi, Povoljiya, Kavkaz, Osiyoi Miyona, Ural sokhta shudand. Gazoprovodhoi kalontarini SSSR: Bukhoro—Ural (4503 kilometr), Osiyoi Miyona — Markaz (5500 kilometr). Darozii umumii gazoprovodhoi SSSR soli 1950 2,3 hazor kilometr, 1972 79 hazor kilometr, 1980 132 hazor kilometr bud. Mai 1974 gazopro­vodi Kalif — Dushanbe (daroziash 297 kilometr) sokhta shud, ki ba vositai on az Afgoniston ba Ittifoqi Soveti gaz intiqol meshavad. Dar rayonhoi shimoli Tojikiston sole 380— 400 hazor m3 gaz hosil karda mesha­vad, ki yak qismi on (80—100 hazor m3) ba shahri Isfara va 300 hazor m3 ba gazoprovodi magistralii Muborak— Fargona doda meshavad.

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BOQIYOI NOYINI Boqi

BOQIYOI NOYINI Boqi (1595, Noyin – 1633, Banoras), shoir va musiqidoni forsizaboni Hinduston. Dar ashorash …