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Partitura

Partitura (az lotini parlio — chu­do mekunam), dar nota yakjoya sabt kardani hamai ovozhoi asarhoi musiqii vokali, sozi va vokaliyu soziro guyand, ki dar on partiyai ovozho (5 sozho) satr ba satr joy giriftaast. Har yak zarb va hissai gunoguni on dar hamai partiyaho boloi ham guzoshta shudaand. Partitura imkon medihad. ki sozhoi ijroshavandai hamai partiyaho dar maddi nazar boshad.

Partitura nimai asri 16 dar Italiya paydo shuda, bo mururi zamon shakli asosii sabti asarhoi musiqii bisyorovoza gardid. Ba mashshoqon va saroyandagon baroi ijroi partiyaho hissai khuda­shonro navishta medikhand (yo nashr mekunand), dirijyor (khormeyster) boshad, hangomi mashq va ijroi asar az Partiturai mazkur istifoda mebarad. Tadrijan dar Partitura ovozhoro bo tartibi muayyan choygir kardan rasm shud.

Dar Partiturai vokali (khori) ovozho az bolo ba poyon, muvofiqi tessiturai onho (soprano, alt, tenor va bas) joy megirand. Dar Partiturai orkestri simfoni partiyai sohahoi musiqi muvofiqi guruhho (dar khar gurukh az rui balandii ovoz) choygir meshavand (az bolo ba poyon): sozhoi na- fasii chubi, nafasii misi, zarbi, arfa, sozhoi kamonchador. Partiyahoi sozhoi yakkanavozi, ovozhoi vokali va khor dar bayni partiyahoi arfa va sozhoi kamonchador choygir mesha­vand.

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MUHAMMADI DAYDUZAMI

MUHAMMADI DAYDUZAMI  ibni Hasan (soli tavallud va vafotash nomalum), navisanda va tarjumoni asri 11 fors-tojik. …