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PROKhOROV Aleksandr Mikhaylo­vich

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PROKhOROV Aleksandr Mikhaylo­vich (tavalludash 11. 7. 1916, Aterton, Avst­raliya), fiziki soveti, yake az asosguzoroni  elektronikpi ktvanti,  akad. (1966; azo- korr. 1960), azoi Prezidium (1970) va akad-kotibi Shubai fizikai umumi va astronomiyai AF SSSR (1973) Qahramoni Mehnati Sotsialisti (1969). Azoi KPSS az soli 1950. Az oilai korgar — revolyu­tsioneri rus, ki baroi faoliyati revolyutsioniash ba Sibir badarga shuda, bad ba Avstraliya hijrat karda bud, tavallud yoftaast. Universiteti davlatii Leningradro khatm namudaast (1939), Solhoi1939— 1941va 1944—1946 aspiranti Instituti fizikai AF SSSR, 1941—1944 dar safi Armiyai Soveti bud. Az soli 1946 khodimi Instituti fizikai AF SSSR (az       1954 mudiri laborato­riya az 1968 jonishini direktor). Professori Universiteti davlatii Moskva (az 1959), mudiri kafedrai Instituti fizika va tekhnikai Moskva (az soli 1971). Sarmuharriri Ensiklopediyai Kaloni Soveti (BOE, az 1969). Yakjoya bo N. G. Basov usuli prinsipan navi bo yorii sistemahoi kvanti generironidani mavjhoi elektromagnitiro kor karda baromad va avvalin generatori molekulavii bo dastai molekulahoi amiak korkunandaro bunyod kard (1954—1955). Yakjoya bo hamkoronash usulhoi umdan lazerhoi paramagnitiro inkishof dod (1957—1958), tatbiqi yoqutro dar elektronikai kvanti pesh guzosht (1958), goyai bunyodi rezonatorhoi kushod (1058) va lazerhoi gazodi­namikiro (1967) peshnihod kard. Asarhoi u doir ba sokhtani lazerhoi puriqtidori afkanishoti infrasurkh va safed, optikai gayrnkhatti, tasiri mutaqobili rezonansi va gayrirezonansii afkanishoti puriqtidori lazer bo modda oidand. Prokhorov laureati Mukofoti lenini (1959) Mukofoti nobeli-(1964) me­boshad. Azoi Akademiyai ilmu sanati Amerika (1971) ast. Bo 2 ordeni Lenin va medalho mukofotonida shudaast.

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