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Orif Muhammadsharif

Orif Muhammadsharif (soli tavallud va vafot nomalum), shoir va muarrikhi nimai duyumi asri 18 va avvali asri 19 tojik. Dar mavzei Ogonaqii Bukhoro ba dunyo omadaast. Dar Mad­rasa tahsil karda, ilmhoi rasmii zamonashro omukht. Avval dar akhdi amir Shohmurod (1785—1800) va bad amir Haydar (1800—27) ba sifati voqeanigori darbor khizmat kardaast. Az Orif devoni gazaliyot va yak asari tarikhi bo unvoni «Toj- ut-tavorikh» boqist.

Hajmi devoni Orifro Vozeh («Tuqfat-ul-ahbob fi tazkirat-il-ashob») «qarpb 3000 bayt» guftaast, vale to ba dasti mo na beshtar az 1000 bayt rasidaast. Devoni Orif bo mazmunu mundarijai goyavi va badeii khud jolibi diqqat buda, dar omukhtani mohiyat va khususiyathoi adabiyoti okhiri asri 18 va avvali asri 19 manbai purqimatest. Dar sherhoi Orif baze voqeoti darbor, ruydodhoi nokhushi on zamon inikos yoftaand. Dar yak sherash chunin tuftaast:

Zi ashki dilkharoshi jongudozam shula mejushad,

Ba rangi qatrai khune, ki az chashmi kabob aftad.

Chu gavhar az vatan ovora dorad softaobonro,

Ilokho, dar gamobodi Khavodis inqilob aftad.

«Toj-ut-tavorikh»-i Orif dar omukhtani hayoti ijtimoiyu siyosi va torojgarihoi davrai amir Shohmurod va amir Haydar sarchashmai purqimati tarikhist. Nuskhai devoni Orif dar kitobkhonai Instituti sharqshinosii Akademiyai Fanhoi Respublikai Sovetii Sotsialistii Uzbekiston, «Toj-ut-tavorikh» dar zakhirai dastnavishoi sharqii Akademiyai Fanhoi  Respublikai Sovetii Sotsialistii Tojikiston mahfuz ast.

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SATO

SATO, asbobi musiqii torist, ki bo kamoncha menavozand. Sato dar bayni tojikoi, uzbekho, eroniyon, afgonho …