Malumoti ohirin
Home / Biologiya / Nakhchir

Nakhchir

Nakhchir, nakhjir, buzi kuhi, buzi shakhgard, ohu (Cap­ra (Ibex) sibirica), hayvoni vahshii juftsumest az jinsi buz. Dar RSS Tojikiston yak zernamudi Nakhchir (S. s. alaiana) malum ast. Nakhchir kalonjussa buda, rangash ashhabi burtob yo siyohtob, du pahlu va gardanash khol-khol, vaznash az 40—60 killogramm (modanakhchir) to 100—130 killogramm (narnakhchir), shokhash ka­ji kamonshakl (daroziash ziyoda az 1 metr) meshavad. Nakhchir mohi iyun 2-to bacha mezoyad. Nakhchirho sokini mahalhoi sershakh buda, gala-gala (az 3—4 to 30—40 sari) zindagi mekunand, Khuroki onho har guna alaf, reshavu giyohhoi khushador, inchunin bargu shokhahoi buttavu darakhton meboshad. Nakhchir sokini qatorkuhhoi Tiyonshon, Pomiru Oloy va hama nohiyahoi Tojikiston (600—5000 metr balandtar az sohili bahr) ast. Sarshumori on nisbatan zi­yod ast. Az rui malumoti O. V. Ego­rov dar masohati qarib 100 km2-i se vodii Pomiri Sharqi to 600 cap Nakhchir duchor meoyad. Dar bisyor vodiho az 40 to 100 cap (dar 100 ga) Nakhchir hast.

Dar 30—40 soli okhir dar qatorkuhhoi past (Panj, Vakhsh, Qaratog, Ariqtog, kuhi Mugul va gayra) Nakhchir dar natijai shikori benazorat tamom nest shudaast. Nakhchir ahamiyati kaloni iqtisodi dorad. Aa on gusht, ravgan va pusti khushsifat megirand. Sarshu­mori umumii Nakhchir dar SSSR qarib 500 hazor ast. Dar RSS Tojikiston shikori Nakhchir man karda shudaast.

Adabiyot: Egorov O. V., Ekologiya sibir­skogo gornogo kozla, «Tr. ZIN AN SSSR», tom 17, Moskva-Leningrad, 1955; Sapojni­kov G. N., Rasionalnoe ispolzova­nie i okhrana prirodnikh bogatstv Tad­jikistana, Dushanbe. 1967; Jizn jivotnikh. Mlekopitayushie ili zveri, tom 6, Moskva, 1971.

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

lolaarusak

Lolaarusak

LOLAARUSAK (Rapaver rhoeas), yak nav giyohi yaksola. Poyaash (daroziash 5—40 sm) hamida va muyakhoi durusht …