Malumoti ohirin

MAJZUB

MAJZUB (ar.— jazb kar­dan, ba khud kashidan), dar tasavvuf inoyati ilohiro guyand, ki solikro biduni kushishu munohada ba marifati irfoni hidoyat mekunad. Ba aqidai ahli Majzub jakhdu kushishi inson dar rohi marifat va vusul ba haq kofi nameboshad va kushishi gaybi niz baroi on lozim ast. Az in ru, khudovand ba shakhsone, ki rohi marifati tasavvufiro pesh giriftaand, inoyat mebakhshad va onho­ro biduni tayin marhilahoi sayru suluk (nig. Maqomot) ba kashfi marifati ilohi omoda mesozad.

Ba aqidai guruhi muhaqiqoni ahdi avvali tasavvuf ba misli Qushayri, Sulammi, Gazoli solik (sufi) baroi marifati haj va usul ba on boyad silsilai maqomotro (ki dar on solik ba kamolot merasad) tay kunad. Atoullohi Iskandaroni, Shozili va guruhi digari muhaqqiqoni sufiya aqida dorand, ki tay namudani silsilai maqomot hatmi nabuda, sufi bo inoyati ilohi bevosita zotu sifathoi khudoro dark me­kunad (dar in marhila u soliki majzub nomida meshavad) va faqat pas az on baroi bozshinosi ba rohe, ki be mujohada tavassuti inoyati ilohi tay karda bud, barmegardad (marhilai okhiriro majzubi solik menomand). Az in ru, poyoni rohi so­lik ogozi rohi Majzub va ogozi rohi so­lik poyoni sayri Majzub donista mesha­vad. Ba iborai digar, rohero, ki so­liki machzub «az khalq ba haq» tay mekunad, majzubi solik «az haq ba khalq» tay menamoyad.

Majzub yake az zinahoi nazariyavii marifati tasavvufi buda, mohiyatu mazmuni ilmi nadorad.

M. Hazratqulov.

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SATO

SATO, asbobi musiqii torist, ki bo kamoncha menavozand. Sato dar bayni tojikoi, uzbekho, eroniyon, afgonho …