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Madaniyati zamonbobo

MADANIYaTI ZAMONBOBO – madaniyati davrai birinj, ki ba nimai yakumi hazorai 2 to melod mansub ast. Az nomi yodgorii dar nazdikii kuli Zamonbobo voqegashta girifta shudaast. YOdgorihoi Madaniyati Zamonbobo az boshishgoh va qabriston iborat buda, az markazi nohiyai Qarokuli viloyati Bukhoro 15 kilometr dar samti shimolu garbi voqe gardidaast. Madaniyati Zamonbobo osori mahallii qadimtarini qabilahoi ziroatkoru chorvodor ba shumor meravad.

Kadima koftukobi khonakho

Az mahalli Zamonbobo yak tahkhonai sathash 170 metri murabba, du koza (chayla), dosh (khumdoni kuloli) va digar chizho yoft shud. Baroi az obkheziho muhofizat kardani mahal samti chapi sharqii on bo devori khele baland ihota shudaast. Hangomi hafriyot az tahkhona va digar hududi mahal osori otashdoni vayrona chuqurchahoe, ki sutunho guzoshta meshudand, ustukhoni gusfand, buz va hayvonhoi vahshi, donahoi siyohi gandumu jav, boqimondai nayu khoshok, shikastaporahoi dastos, porahoi dos az sangi chaqmoq har guna minchoqho az sanghoi qimatbaho va gayra yoft shud.

Bozyoftho shahodat medihand, ki sokinoni in mahal bo dehqoni va chorvodori mashgul budand. Akademiki AF Uzbekiston M. G. Gulomov solhoi 1950—51 va 1953—54, arkheolog A. A. Askarov solhoi 1961— 64 dar qabristoni Zamonbobo hafriyot guzaronidand. Boqimondai 43 qabr omukhta shud. Qabrho lahaddor buda, mayithoro tavre guronidaand, ki misli tifli dar shikami modar buda, poyu dastonashonro darham kashida, ba pahlui rost yo chap khobidaand. Mayitho tanho, dunafari va bazan senafari (mard, zan va kudak) guronida shudaand. Dar yak qabr dubora guronidani onho niz mushohida gardid. Dar qabrho aslihai gunogun va liboshoi marhum ham guzoshta shudaand. Az qabri mardon beshtar paykon, oloti kordmonand va gayra az qabrhoi zanon minchoqhoi gunogun az sanghoi qimatbaho, marjoni tillo, oina va digar chizho, inchunin zarfhoi gunoguni safolii benaqshu nigor, az yak qabr haykalchai safolii oliha yoft shud. Ba in haykalchai oliha shoyad hamchun ramzi farovonhosili etiqod doshta boshand.

Az qabriston yoft shudani minchoqhoi az lali Badakhshon sokhtashuda, zarfhoi safolii qabilahoi dehqoni Turkmanistoni Janubi va chizhoi digar daleli on ast, ki qabilahoi Madaniyati Zamonbobo bo qabilahoi hamsoya robitahoi iqtisodi va madani doshtaand. Madaniyati Zamonbobo merosi moddi va madanii yak avlod ba hisob meravad.

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MUHAMMADI DAYDUZAMI

MUHAMMADI DAYDUZAMI  ibni Hasan (soli tavallud va vafotash nomalum), navisanda va tarjumoni asri 11 fors-tojik. …