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Malikushshuaro

MALIKUShShUARO – in unvovi fakhrii rasmie, ki dar doirahoi adabii darbor ba shoironi marufu mashhur doda meshud. Shoirone, ki ba unvoni Malikushuarro sazovor gashtaand, nisbat ba digar shoironu navisandagon martabai bolotare doshtand va az nazdikoni shoh ba hisob meraftand. Bakhshidani unvoni Malikushuarro az davrai hukmronii Gaznaviyon (sulton Mahmud) shuru shudaast.

Shoironi Darbor

Nakhustin shoire, ki ba qavli aksariyati muallifoni sarchashmahoi adabiyu tarikhi ba in unvon sarfaroz gardidaast, Unsuri bud. Bad az Unsuri chande az shoiron, az jumla Amaqi Bukhoroi, Abdumaliki Burhoni, Amir Munzay, Abulaloi Ganjavi, Mavlono Badakhshi, Gizolii Mashhadi, Fayzii Dakani, Tolibi Omuli ba in unvon sohib shudaand. Dar adabiyoti asrhoi 16—19 tojik ba gayr az Mushfiqi, unvoni Malikushshuaroro giriftani digar shoire malum nest. Dar Eron az asri 16 yak taraf chand shoir unvoni Malikushuaroro daryoftaand, ki okhirini onho Bahor bud.

Dar Afgoniston Betob ba unvoni Malikushuaro rasida bud. Malikovhoi har yak qadr, khususan, asrhoi 11—12, pesh az hama tagribgaroni sodiqi nibsati davlatdorii hokimoni asri khesh, ifodakunandai manfiathoi sinfi, vassofi shanu shavqat va dabdabai saltanat va rasmu rusumi onho budand. Doirai adabiero, ki sarvari mekardand, niz ba hamin roh hidoyat menamudand. Inchunin har yak shoire, ki ba khidmati darbor jalb karda meshud, vazifador bud dar navbati avval sheri khudro baroi naqdu barrasi az nazari Malikushuarro guzaronda, bad dar nazdi podshoh bikhonad. Murodifhoi Malikushuarro «Amirushshuaro», «Sultonushuaro» meboshand. Yakchand laqabu unvonhoi fakhriyu ehtiromi chun «Sohibqironi shoiri», «Khotimatush-shuaro», «Malikulkalom», «Lisonul-gayb», «Khallokulmaoni» va gary niz vomekhurand, ki zohiran unvonhoi gayrirasmi meboshand.

 

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SATO

SATO, asbobi musiqii torist, ki bo kamoncha menavozand. Sato dar bayni tojikoi, uzbekho, eroniyon, afgonho …