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Tekhnika

Uzbekiston Yangiliklari

«SATURN»

«SATURN», yak silsila mushakhoi homili 2- va 3-zinadori amerikoi («S.-1», «S.-16», «S.-5*)-ro guyand, ki solhoi 1964—1967 baroi ba mador barovardani kishtihoi kayhonii «Apollon», stansiyai madorii «Skayleb» va baze radifoni masnui Zamin sokhta shudaand. Programmai korkardi chunin mushakhoro niz «Saturn» menomand. Bo suzishvorii moe kor mekunad. Massai startii Saturn to 3000 …

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SANGChINAK

SANGChINAK, moshini s a n g ch i n i, moshini oveza yo prissipiest, ki hangomi toza kardani zamini khojagii qishloq, rohsozi, sokhtmoni gidrotekhniki va korhoi digar baroi chidani sang istifoda mebarand. Sangchinak sangi vaznash to 10 tonnaro bo quvvai traktor yo bo yorii fishangi dukitfa kashida mebarorad. Baroi koftanu …

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SAMOLYOT

samolyot

SAMOLYOT, apparati parishi muharriku boldori vaznintar az havoet, ki baroi parvoz dar atmosfe¬ra tain shudaast. Mamultarin navi apparat parish buda, baroi hamlu naqli passajiron va bor, korhoi harbi va vazifahoi makhsus istifoda meshavad. Dar borai tarikhi inkishofi Samolyotho nig. Aviatsiya. Az rui vazifa Sasolyotho grajdani va harbi meshavand. Navhoi asosii …

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SAMOSVAL

samosval

SAMOSVAL, moshini khudrez, avtomobil, prisep yo nimprisepi borkashest, ki khud borashro kholi mekunad. Samosval baroi kholi kardani bor kuzovashro bo yorii muharriki avtomobil va tajhizoti gidravliki to 50° kham mekunad. Dar SSSR Samosvalhoioi tamgai BelAZ, GAZ, «Ural», MAZ, KrAZ,KamAZ va gayra istehsol meshavand, ki az 3,5 to 80 t va …

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SAMOLËTI HAVOIYu KAYHONI

vozdushno-kosmicheskiy-samolot-spaceshiptwo-01

SAMOLËTI HAVOIYu KAYHONI, apparat parishi reaktivii idorashavandai kayhoniro guyand, ki sathi baranda dorad va bisyorkarata istifoda meshavad. Khususiyathoi ham samolyot va ham apparati parishi kayhoniro dorost. Samolyoti havoiyu kayhoni boyad az aerodrom parvoz karda tavonad va to sur¬ati kanhoni surat girifta, badi parvoz ba kayhon boz ba aerodrom birgardad. Samolyoti …

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SAMOVOR

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SAMOVOR, samovar (az rusii sam khud va var — jush), zarfest baroi jushonidani ob. Iborat az tana (obdon), sarpush, kampirak, nul, du dasta va poya. Asosan az mis va ruh mesozand. Du kheli Samovor mamul ast: alovi va elektri, ki shaklan farq nadorand. Samovor hastand, ki 0,5 l va az …

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SAL – parom

sal

SAL, parom, inshooti shinovariest, baroi az moneahoi obi (gulugoh, daryo, kul) guzarondani vositahoi naqliyoti khushkigard, odamon va borhoi gunogun khizmat mekunad. Salhoi khudnogard va khudgard mavjudand. Ba Salhoi khudnogard, amad, qaiq, barja va gayra mansuband. Solhoi khudnogard acocan dar daryoho istifoda meshavand; onho bo yorii simtanobhoi bayni du sohil kashidashuda, …

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RESSORA

Leafs1

RESSORA (fransavi. gezzogk—chandiri), jihozi chandire dar moshinhoi borkashon, ki takonhoi az nohamvorihoi roh paydoshudaro furu menishonad va tasiri borro ba uzvhoi gasht (gildirak, tasmacharkh va gayra) meguzaronad. Ressorahoi metalli, gidravliki va pnevmatiki mavjudand. Ressorahoi metalli mamultarand va dar navbati khud ba Ressorahoi varaqa ((rasm), torsioni va prujini judo meshavand. Ressorai …

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REFRAKTOMETRHO

refractometers_eco

REFRAKTOMETRHO, asbobhoeand baroi chen kardani nishondihandai shikasti rushnoi. Laboratori va sanoati (datchikhoi refraktometri) meshavand.

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REFRAKTOR dar astronomiya

REFRAKTOR, dar astronomiya, teleskopero nomand, ki dar on tasviri jirmhoi munir (Oftob, sitoraho va gayra) tavassuti inkisori shuohoi rushnoi dar obektivi linzavi hosil meshavad (nigared, naqsha). Bori avval G. Galiley (1609) istifoda burdaast. Baroi hosil kardani tasviroti khushsifat dar Refraktor shishahoi makhsusro istifoda mebarand va miqdori linzahoro ziyod mekunand. Kalontarin …

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