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Tekhnika

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MUHARRIK-GENERATOR

muharrik-generator

MUHARRIK-GENERATOR, motor-generator, tajhizotest iborat az muharriki elektri va generatori jarayoni elektrie, ki ba hamdigar ba tavri mekhaniki vasl karda shudaand. Muharrik baroi yak namudi jarayoni elektrro ba namudi digari on tabdil dodan (beshtar jarayoni tagyiryobandaro ba jarayoni doimi), inchunin baroi tab­dil dodani adadi fazaho va basomad khizmat mekunad. Masalan, onro …

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MUHARRIK

muharrik

MUHARRIK (ar. ba harakat oranda), moshini quvvagiest, ki yagon namudi energiyaro ba kori mekhaniki tabdil medihad. Muharrik vobasta ba navhoi khud kori mekhanikiro az rotori charkhzananda, az harakati peshravandayu bargardandai porshen yo az apparati reaktivi girifta metavonad. Muharrik moshinhoi kori, vositahoi naqliyoti khushkigardu obi, havoivu kayhoni, dastgohhoi istehsolivu tekhnolo­gi, asbobhoi …

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MUHARRIKI ABADI

muharriki-abadi

MUHARRIKI ABADI, perpetu­um mobile (lot. Regpetuum mobile, aynan-harakati abadi), moshini khayoliest, ki badi yak marotiba ba kor darovardan be istifodai energi­yai beruna muddati daroz (abadi) muttassil kor karda metavonad. Chunin Muharriki abadi Muharriki abadii navi 1 nomida meshavad. Muharriki abadi ba qonuni baqo va badalshavii energiya muolif ast, az in …

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MUKhHARRIKI AVTOMOBIL

muharriki-avtomobil

MUKhHARRIKI AVTOMOBIL, muharrike, ki baroi ba harakat ovardani avtomobil khizmat mekunad (mu­harriki darunsuz, dizel va gayra) Muharriki avtomobil 4, 6, 8 va 12-silindra meshavad, ki onhoro qator yo V-shakl joygir mekunand. Porshenhoi muharrikhoi darunsuzi karbyuratori aksar aa khulahoi alyuminiy  va porshenhoi dizel az juyan sokhta meshavad. Muharriki avtomobili zamonavii az …

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MUHARRIKI AVIATSIONI

muharriki-aviatciony

MUHARRIKI AVIATSIONI, muharrikest baroi ba harakat ovarda­ni apparathoi parshi (dar havo), misli samolyot, vertolyot, dirijabl va gayra. Nakhustin Muharriki aviatsioni muharriki bugii samolyoti A. F. Mojayskiy (1885) bud. Bad Muharriki aviatsioni dar asosi muharriki darunsuzi porsheni sokhta shud. Zarurati ziyod kardani suratu borbardorii samolyot, omili asosii taraqqii Muharriki aviatsioni gardid. …

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MUFTA

mufta

MUFTA (az nemisi Mulfe; gollandi mou-wtje), dar tekhnika, jihozest baroi payvandi Muvaqqati yo doimii navardu gulba, simtanobu kabelho va gayra. Muftahoi payvandkunanda vobasta ba vazifaashon payvandro mustahkam, germet va onro az korroziya hifz mekunand. Masalan, Muftai kabel, Muftai payvandi gulbaho. Muftahoi haraktovari moshinu mekhanizmho harakati charkhzani va momenti charkhzaniro az …

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BOSh

bosch

BOSh (Bosch), shirkati umumijahonii olmoni dar sohai avtomobilsozi, ki soli 1886 sohibkor Robert Avgust Bosh dar shahri Shtutgart bo nomi «Tamirgohi mekhanika va elektrotekhnikai daqiq» tashkil kardaast. Shirkat az soli 2013 dar chahor samti tijorati faoliyat mekunad: tekhnologiyai avtomobili; tekhnologiyai sanoati; molhoi istemoli; tekhnologiyai sokhtmon va energetika. Bosh dar 150 …

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BORI ShABAKAI ELEKTROENERGETIKI

shabaka-elektriki

BORI ShABAKAI ELEKTROENERGETIKI, iqtidori elektrikie, ki az hosili jami iqtidori sarfkardai hamai qabulgarho (istemolkunandaho)-i energiyai elektrikii ba shabakahoi taqsimotii silsila (sistema) payvastshuda va iqtidori baroi jubroni talafoti energiyai dar hamai qismhoi shabakai elektriki (transformatorho, tabdildehho, khathoi intiqoli quvvai barq va gayra) sarfshavanda iborat ast. Dar shabaka vobasta ba vaqt tagyir …

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BOMBA

bomba

BOMBA (olmoni Bombe – gulgula), 1) nomi qadimii gululahoi artilleri. Az asri 19 sar karda dar artilleriyai rus gululahoero, ki beshtar az 1 pud (16 kg) vazn doshtand, Bomba menomidand. Ibtidoi solhoi 30 asri 20 nomi Bomba az istilohoti artilleriya khorij gardid. 2) Bombai aviatsioni – navi lavozimoti aviatsioni, ki …

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BOLID

bolid

BOLID (faronsavi bolide, az yunoni bolis – nayzai partoftashuda), 1) shihob (meteor)-i durakhshoniash na kamtar az 4m (az Zuhra ravshantar), ki andozahoi kunjii namoyon dorad. Munirtarin Bolid ruzona ham namudor meshavad; shabona jild va dumi onro niz didan mumkin ast. Bolid paye meguzorad, ki az gazi iondor va chang iborat …

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