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MUSOBIQA

musobika

MUSOBIQA, musobaqa (arabi— peshi giriftan, bartari justan bar yakdigar) dar sport, tadbirote, ki bo maqsadi muayyan kardani sportsmenho va komandahoi purquvvattarin, komyobihoi olii sport, takmili mahorati sporti va propagandai fizkultura va sport ba amal barovarda meshavand. Imkoniyat faroham meovarand, ki ba faoliyati tashkilothoi sporti, treneron, sportsmenho, dovardho obektivona baho doda …

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BOULING

bouling

BOULING (anglisi bowling – bozi bo saqqo va kegelho), bozii varzishi – farogati. Maqsadi bozi az masofai muayyan bo gelondani miqdori kami saqqoho tavassuti rohchai chubini devordor beshtar zada aftondani chillakhoi dar maydonchai okhi­ri rohcha bo tartibi muayyan guzoshtashuda meboshad. Saqqoho az mavoddi sinteti­ki va pakhta sokhta me­shavand. Dar saqqohkho …

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BOTVINNIK Mikhail Moiseevich

Mikhail_Botvinnik

BOTVINNIK Mikhail Moiseevich (4.8.1911, shahri Kuokala, Petrograd – 5.5.1995, Maskav), shohmotbozi rus, grossmeyster» IJShS, ustodi khidmatnishondodai varzishi IJShS (1945), grossmeysteri baynalkhalqi (1950). Chempioni jahon (1948-57, 1958-60, 1961-63). Doktori ilmhoi tekh­niki (1951), professor. Dar 12-solagi bo shohmot oshno shud va dar 14-solagi bori nakhust dar chempionati IJShS ishtirok kard. 7 karat …

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BORNDALEN

borndalen

BORNDALEN, Byorndalen (Bjorndalen) Ule Eynar (27. 1.1974), varzishgari norvegi (biatlon, lijaroni). Chempioni Bozihoi olimpi dar sprint va esatfetai dastai (1998). Borndalen yagona biatlonist, ki dar hama bakhshhoi in namudi varzish (sprint, musobiqai infirodi, musobiqa paygir, estafeta) dar Bozihoi olimpii soli 2002 golib omadaast. Dorandai medali tiloi chempionati jahon dar sprint …

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BORZOV Valeriy Filippovich

borzov-valeriy

BORZOV Valeriy Filippovich (20.10.1949), varzishgari ukrain (varzishi sabuk), Ustodi khidmatnishoidodai varzishi IJShS (1970). Chempioni bisyorkaratai Ittihodi Shuravi va Avrupo (1969-77), chempioni Bozihoi olimpi (1972) dar davidan ba masofai 100 va 200 m. Rekordsmeni IJShS va Avrupo (1970-75). Prezidenta Kumitai olimpii Ukraina (1997-1998). Az soli 1998 raisi Kumitai javonon va varzishi …

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BORZUNOV Oleg

BORZUNOV Oleg (tavallud 1964, Khujand), varzishgar, velosipedron, chempioni Tojikiston, Ittihodi Shuravi va jahon miyoni navrason oid ba velosipedroni dar maso­fai kutoh. Ustodi varzishi darajai baynalmilali. Tamrinro dar nazdi murabbii shinokhtai soha V. Stoyka ogoz namudaast. Bad chand muddat tahti sarparastii Ustodi fakhrii varzishi Ittihodi Shuravi 3. Abdujamilov mashq karda, baroi …

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BOLOTNIKOV Petr Grigorovich

Pyotr_Bolotneykov

BOLOTNIKOV Petr Grigorovich (tavallud 8.3.1930), varzishgari rus (varzishi sabuk). Ustodi khidmatnishondodai varzishi Ittihodi Jumhurii Shuravii Sotsialisti (1959), chempioni shonzdahkaratan Ittihodi Jumhurii Shuravii Sotsialisti (1957-62) dar davidai ba masofai 5000 va 10000 metr, chempioni Avrupo (1962) va Bozihoi olimpi (1960) dar davidan ba masofai 10000 metr. Rekordsmeii jahon dar davidan ba …

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BOKS

box

BOKS (az angl. Bokh — zarba), mushtzani, navi varzish, az ruyi qoidai muayyan mushtzanii bayni du varzishgar. Panj hazor sol pesh dar Misru Bobul dar shakli mushtzanii odi paydo shudaast. Qoidahoi bozii Boks (be dastpushak) dar Angliya (asri 18) jori gardida, soli 1867 istifodai dastpushak shuru shud. Boks az soli …

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BOZIHOI MILLI VA MARDUMI

bozihoi-milli

BOZIHOI MILLI VA MARDUMI, faoliyathoeyand, ki khamchun vositai tafrehi va dilkhushi dar bayni mardum novobasta ba sinnu sol az zamonhoi qadim to imruz baroi tarbiyai varzishi, akhloqi va zeboishinosii inson khidmat mekunand. Barkhe az Bozihoi milli va mardumi dar zamoni boston (ahdi Sosoniyon) roij budand va to imruz rasidaand. Dar …

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BOZIHOI OLIMPI

bozihoi-olimpi

BOZIHOI OLIMPI, 1) id va musobiqahoi ommavi dar Yunoni Qadim. Muvofiki ananai tarikhi az soli 776 to milod har 4 sol yak bor dar shahrchai Olimp (shimoli garbii Peloponnesi viloyati Elida) barguzor megardid. Ba in munosibat dar in jo varzishgohho, havzhoi shinovari, gimnasiya (mashqgoh), haramho va gayra sokhta meshudand. Dar …

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