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Madaniyat va Sanat

MUHAMMADHUSAYNI HIRAVI

MUHAMMADHUSAYNI HIRAVI (soli tavallud va vafotash no­malum), khushnavisi asri 15 fors-tojik. Pisari Khoja Soneni vazir. As­lan az Bokharz buda, dar Hirot umr ba sar burdaast. Muhammadhusayn Hiravi az shogirdoni Miralii Hiravi va Muhammadqosimi Shodishoh ast. Shoh Tahmospi Safavi Muhammadhusayni Hiraviro ba Qazvin davat kard. Pas az chande az khizmati darbor …

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MUHAMMADJAFARI KIFOYaT

MUHAMMADJAFARI KIFOYaT  (soli tavalludash nomalum—vafotash 1683), khattoti asri 17 tojik. Yake az ustodoni khati shikasta. Aslan az Hirot buda, dar Hinduston mezistaast. Barobari navishtani khati shikasta dar taliq niz mahorat doshtaast. Dar zamoni Shohijahon muddatho dar devoni shohi mashguli khidmat buda, dar ahdi Olamgir vafot kardaast. Namunai osorash boqist.   …

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MUHAMMADShARIFI SAMARQANDI

MUHAMMADShARIFI SAMARQANDI   (soli tavallud va vafotash nomalum),            memor va hunarmandi okhiri asri    16— avvali  asri   17        tojik. As­lan az Samarqand, Dar sokhtani gumbaz va oroishi yodgorihoi memori mahorat dosht. Ba KhHinduston rafta, solhoi 1632—1650 ba sokhtmoni maqbarai Tojkahal sarvari kard va namunai mukammaltarinu nodirtarini sana­ti gunbazsozii Osiyoi Miyona va Shar­qi …

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MUHAMMADShAFYOI ShEROZI

MUHAMMADShAFYOI ShEROZI  (1783, Sheroz —1846, hamon jo), khushnavis va shoiri fors. Padarash Muhammadismoil nom dosht. Laqabash Mirzo Kuchak, takhallusi adabiash Visol. Muhammadshafyoi Sherozi hamai navi khathoi davr, khususan, khati naskhro khub menavisht. U inchunin ilmhoi sarfu nahv, hikmat, riyoziyot, musiqi va aruzu kofiyaro mukammal az khud karda bud. Az u …

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MUHAMMADQOSIMI SOHIRI TUNI

MUHAMMADQOSIMI SOHIRI TUNI  (soli tavallud va Vafotash nomalum), hofiz, bastakor, mashshoqi asri  16. Zodgohash Tun (Khuroson), dar Shirot favtidaast. Dar Isfahon tahsil karda, ilmhoi bade, qofiya, akhloq, falsafa, riyoziyotro omukhtast. U ovozi baland va foram doshta, surudhoi akhloqi, irfoni, falsafiro ba darajai ustodi mesurudaast. Dar marsiyakhoni ustodi yagonai zamon budaast. …

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MUHAMMADQOSIMI ShODIShOH

MUHAMMADQOSIMI ShODIShOH  (soli tavallud va vafotash nomalum), khattoti asri 16 fors-tojik. Khatash benazir budaast va ba guftai muallifi «Rayhoni nastalik» in hunar (sanati khattoti) bo vay khatm ast. Muhammadqosimi Shodishoh az khushnavison Sulton– muhammadi Nur va Sultonmuhammadi Khandon sanati khattoti omukhtaast. Az namunai hunari u yak nuskha «De­von» i Khoja …

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MUHAMMADHAYDAR

MUHAMMADHAYDAR (1409—1551), muarrikh, khodimi dav­latii Mugul va Turkistoni Sharqi, naborai khoni jagatoy Yunus, pisarkholai Bobur. Bobur uro Mirzohaydar nomidaast. Muhammadhaydar muallifi asari tarikhii «Tarikhi Rashidi» (1541— 1547) meboshad, ki ba zaboni forsi-tojiki navishta shudaast. In asar ba tarikhi hokimoni Mugul va amironi Qoshgar bakhshida shudaast. Inchunin dar borai ajdodi uzbekho …

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MUHAMMADHAYDARI MUSAVVIR

MUHAMMADHAYDARI MUSAVVIR (soli tavallud va           vafotash nomalum), naqqosh, khattoti okhiri asri 15 — avvali asri 16. Zodgohash Hirot buda, dar Tabrezu Isfahon umr ba sar burdaast. Shogirdi Kamoluddin Behzod. Dar nigorishi musavvarahoi manzaravi, suratkashi, siyohqalami va khushnavisi hampoyai ustodash bud. Muhammadhaydari  Musavvir dar Tabrez yak silsila minyoturho ejod kardaast, ki …

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MUHAMMADHOShIM

MUHAMMADHOShIM   oil. Mavlono (soli tavalludash nomalum — vafotash 1564, Lohur), shoiri forsizaboni Hinduston. Doir ba zindagi va ejodiyoti u malumoti kofi nest. Vay shoiri gazalsaro buda, dar javoni gohe «Samoi» va gohe «Vofi», dar poyoni zindagiash «Hoshim» takhallus kardaast. Ashori parokandai u dar bayozu sarchashmahoi adabi ba nazar merasanl. Mavzui …

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MUHAMMADHUSAYN SOBIRI TABREZI

MUHAMMADHUSAYN SOBIRI TABREZI (soli tavallud va vafotash nomalum), hattot, naqqosh, jadvalkash, lavvohi asri 17. Shogirdi Miralii Khattot. Az ovoni javoni ba nigorishu khushnavisi, halkoriyu lavvohi shugl doshta, dar ayni hol sanati naqqoshiro az Mirzoalii Musavvir va Miraki Isfahoni omukht. Ba­di kamoloti hunar ba Tabrez rafta, dar on jo devonhoi Sadi, …

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