Malumoti ohirin
Home / Gunogun

Gunogun

MUKhHAMMADI KhORAZMShOH

MUKhHAMMADI KhORAZMShOH Muhammad ibni Takash (soli tavalludash nomalum — vafotash 1220), shohi Khorazm (1200—1220). Muhammadi Xorazmshoh bo maqsadi mustahkam namudani iqtidor va va­se kardani sarhadi davlati Khorazmshohiyon siyosati padarro davom doda, bar ziddi Qarokidoiyon, Abbosiyon va Gurien jangid. Soli 1207 bo bahonai pakhsh namudani shurishi Malik Sanjar Bukhororo ishgol namud. …

Mufassal »

MUHAMMAD IBNI TOHIR

MUHAMMAD IBNI TOHIR (soli tavallud va vafotash nomalum), okhirin namoyandai sulolai Tohiriyon, ki solhoi 862—873 hukmroni kardaast. Mulkhoi Muhammad ibni Tohir, ki Khuroson va Movarounnahrro dar bar megiriftand, tobei khilofati arab budand. Dar ahdi Muhammad ibni Tohir davlati Tohiriyon ru ba tanazzul ovard. Soli 873 lashkari Yaqubi Saffori lashkari Muhammad …

Mufassal »

MUGOLATA

paralogizm

MUGOLATA (arabi ba galat andokhtan, gumroh kardan), paralogizm, khatoi mantiqii begaraz va gayrichashmdosht. Mugolata ba sofizm — khatohoi dar mulohizaho qasdan sodirshavanda (bahsho, munoziraho) muqobil guzoshta meshavad.

Mufassal »

MUGSU

mugsu

MUGSU, daryoest dar payoni Jirgatoli Respublikai Sovetii Sotsialistii Tojikiston. Az yak shudani daryohoi Seldara va Savuqsoy ba vujud omada, az vodii tangu chuquri bayni qatorkuhhoi Pasi Oloy va Pyotri I jori meshavad. Dar nazdikii dehai Dombrachi bo daryoi Qizilsu yak shuda Surkhob nom megirad. Tulash 88 kilometr, masohati havzaash 7070 …

Mufassal »

MUGJAPAYVAND

payvand

MUGJAPAYVAND, yak navi payvand; ba niholi khasak mugjai navi behtarini darakhti mevaro payvand mekunand. Nigared niz Payvand.

Mufassal »

MUQANNA

MUQANNA (soli tavallud nomalum — vafot 783), laqabi Hoshim ib-ni Hakim — peshvoi shurishi khalqhoi Osiyoi Miyona ba muqobili isti-logaroni arab va feodalonu ashrofoni mahalli. Dar yake az dehahoi Marv dar oilai kosib ba dunyo omadaast. Dar javoni kozur budaast. Bino ba malumoti Nartakhi faoliyati siyosiash dar ahdi Umaviyon cap …

Mufassal »

MUShTAKNAVARD

mushtaknavard

MUShTAKNAVARD, navardi taqsimot, navardi mushtakdori moshin, ki in yo on mekhanizmi moshin az mushtakhoi on bo tartibi muayyan ba harakat meoyand. Masalan, dar muharriki darunsuz Mushtaknavard sari vaqt kushoda va pushida shudani klapanhoi gaztaqsimkunandaro tamin mekunad; dar nasoshoi suzishvori bo tasiri mushtakhoi Mushtaknavard plunjerho ba kor medaroyand. Mushtaknavrdro az pulod …

Mufassal »

MUShOHIDA

mushohida

MUShOHIDA, mushohada (arabi  — ba chashmi khud didan), idroki bomaromest, ki payvasta ba maqsadu vazifahoi faoliyati odam surat megirad. Mushohida tarikhan hamchun qismi tarkibii amaliyoti mehnati inkishof meyobad, ki ba vositai on muvofiqati mahsuli mehnat bo naqshai idealii on muqoisa karda meshavad. Barobari murakkab gardidani voqeiyati ijtimoi va amaliyoti mehnati …

Mufassal »

MUShOHIDONI DIPLOMATI

mushohidoni-diplomati

MUShOHIDONI DIPLOMATI, shakhsone (yo guruhi shakhson), ki davlat yo tashkiloti baynalkhalqi baroi mushohidai kori konferensiyahoi baynalkhalqi, tashkilotu organho, inchunin baroi mushohidai ijroi shart-nomayu qapophoi tashkilothoi baynalkhalqi mefiristad, Mushohidoni diplomati dar holathoe istifoda meshavand, ki davlati manfiatdor ba kori yagon konferensiya, tashkilot va organhoi baynalkhalqi azo meboshad. Mushohidoni diplomati huquq dorand, …

Mufassal »

MUG

magos

MUG (lotini—magus, yun.—magos, az forsii qadima — magush), martabai ruhonii zardushtiro guyand, ki pointar az mubadon meistad; kohin dar davlatn Modi Qadim. Bo intishori zardushtiya dar garbi Eron Mugho Zardushtro paygambari khud shinokhtand. Dar zardushtiyai ibtidoi Mugho yak qator tagyirotho darovardand; talimoti zardushtiyai zamoni Parfiyayu Sosoniyon dar Eron (asri 3 …

Mufassal »