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Biologiya

SALABIHO

SALABIHO (OgsIdaseae), yak oi- lai giyohhoi bisyorsola, epifitho (beshtar dar tropika) va baze lia- nahoro guyand. Salabihoe, ki dar zamin me- sabzand, odatan reshapoya yo reshai lundashakl dorand. Onho asosan dar margzor, shibarzamin, besha, sohili rudhoi kuhy meruyand. Epifitho, yane Salabihoe, ki dar shokhavu tanai darakhton mesabzand, reshai ovezoni havoi …

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SAFEDOR

SAFEDOR (Rori1iz), jinsi darakhtest az oilai bedho. Bargash dandonador yo bedandonai gunogunshakl (dilshakl, bayzashakl, gurdashakl, parrashakl va gayra); gulash maydai yakjinsa (bazan dujinsa), khushagulash «gushvorak», pesh az bargbarori meshukufad, shamol gardolud mekunad. Guzaash 2-4-pallai sertukhm, tukhmash mayda (daroziash 1—3 millimetr), dar nugash pati pakhtamonand dorad. Dar dunyo 45—50 namudi Safedor …

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SAFEDAHO

safedaho

SAFEDAHO, proteinho, moddahoi organikii kalonmolekulai tabiiero guind, ki az aminokislotaho tarkib yofta dar sokhtu faoliyati organizmho mavqei muhim dorand. Fridrikh Engels Safedahoro zaminai shakli bilogii harakati materiya donistaast. Mahz ba tufayli Safedaho dar organizm mubodilai moddaho va tabdili energiya ba vujud meoyad. Safedaho funksiyahoi muhimi fiziologiro ado mekunand. Pesh az …

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SAKhAROZA

saharoza

SAKhAROZA, qandi nayshakar yo lablabu, yake az muhimtarin disakharidhost, ki dar hamai rastanihoi fotosintezkunanda mavjud ast. Moddai kristallii berangi dar ob halshavanda; I gudozish 185—186*Selsiya. Az tasiri kislota ba osoni gidroliz shuda glyukoza va fruktoza hosil mekunad. Sakharoza az jumlai karbogidrathoest, ki ba khubi dar rastaniho hazm meshavand; karbogidrathoi dar …

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SABA

saba

SABA, nomi du namudi parrandaest az qatori gunjishkho. Darozii tanash 12 santimetr, qismi peshi sarash surkh, bolu dumash siyoh. Dar miyonai bolash kholi zard va dar intihoi bolu dumash kholi safed dorad; takhtapusht va kitfash khokistarrangi surkhchatob; shikamash safed. Nulash gulobitob. Dar Evropa, Osiyoi Garbi, Afrikai Shimolu Garbi, dar Ittifoqi …

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SALAB

salab

SALAB, selab,1) jinsi giyohhoi bisyorsolaest az oilai salabiho. Reshai luidai yaklukht yo panjashakl, bargi neshtarshakl, guli odatan bunafsh yo nofarmoni arguvoni va guza dorad. Salab (qarob 80 namud) dar Evropa, mintaqai mutadili Osiyo, Afrikai Shimoli va gayra bisyor ast. Dar Ittifoqi Respublikahoi Sovetii Sotsialisti Soyuz Sovetskikh Sosialisticheskikh Respublik SSSR 36, …

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SAYaLON

SAYaLON (arabi—jorishavi), dar tibbi qadim istilohest, ki jori shudani har yak moddai moero ifoda mekunad. Beist rekhtani obi chashmro Sayaloni ashk va az bachadoni zanho raftani rutubatro Sayaloni r a h i m menomand.

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SAFIFA

SAFIFA (arabi peshoni) tibbi qadim istilohest, ki mavzei bayni chashmonu mui peshi sarro ifoda mekunad.  

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SAFUF

SAFUF (arabi ), g a r d d o r u, dar tibbi qadim dorui khushki kuftaero guyand.

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