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Viloyati Oqteppa

Oqteppa (Aktyubinsk), viloyat dar hayati Respublikai Sovetii  Sotsialistii Qazoqiston 10 marti 1932 tashkil shudaast. Dar qismi garbii respublika voqest. Masohatash 299,8 hazor kilometr2. Aholiash 629 hazor nafar (yanvari 1979). Viloyat 13 rayoni mamuri, 7 shahr va 4 posyolkai tipi shahr dorad. Markazash shahri Oqteppa.

Tabiat. Oqteppa dar bayni pastii Nazdikaspiy (dar Garb), pushtakuhi Us­tyurt (dar Janub), pastii Turon (dar Janubi  Shimol) va shokhahoi janubi kuhi Ural (dar Shimol) joy giriftaast. Qismi ziyodi territoriyai viloyat — hamvori (balandiash 100—200 metr); dar qismi miyonai on kuhhoi Mugojar (nuqtai balandtarinash kuhi Baktiboy, 657 metr) voqeand. Iqlimash nihoyat kontinenti, tobistonash garmi khushk.

Tobiston zud-zud garmser vazida, zimiston bisyor buron meshavad. Harorati miyonai iyul dar Shimoli Garb 22,5° Selsiya, dar Janubi Shimol 25° Selsiya, dar yanvar muvofiqan — —16 va —15° Selsiya. Tamomi daryohoiOqteppa. ba havzai bahri Kaspiy va kulhoi na on qadar kalon mansuband. Daoryohoi kalon: Emba, shokhobhoi Ural — Or, Ilek, inchunin Irgiz, Uil, Turgay va Sariz. Daryoho kamoband, aksari onho tobiston khushk meshavand. Kulhoi khurdi obashon shur bisyorand. Obi shuri kulho va daryoho ba maqsadhoi khochagi istifoda nameshavand, binobar in obhoi zerizamini istifoda burda meshavand. Khoki qismi shimoli garbi viloyat siyoh va dorchinii tira, markaz va Shimoli Sharq dorchinrangi kushod va khokistarrang. Dar Janub shurzaminho vomekhurand.

Dar shimoli garbi viloyat rastanihoi dashti, dar vodii daryoho har guna alafu darakhtho, dar qismhoi markazi va sharqi rastanihoi dashtii khushkidust, dar qismi janub boshad, rastanihoi nimbiyoboniyu biyoboni meruyand. Az darrandaho gurg, ruboh vomekhurand. Khoyandaho (yurmon, mush) va khazandaho khele bisyorand.

Aholi. Dar Oqteppa qarib 5% akholii Respublikai Sovetii  Sotsialistii  Qazoqiston  zindagi mekunad, ki az on qazoqho 43%, rusho 26%, ukrainho 17%, totorho Z%ro tashkil medihand. Zichii miyoiai aholi dar 1 kilometr3 1,8 nafar. Aholii shimolu garbi vi­loyat beshtar zich ast. To Revolyutsiyai  Kabiri Sotsialistii  Oktyabr dar viloyat hamagi 3 shahr (Oqteppa, Shalqar, Temir) bud. Shahrhoi Olga, Oktyabr, Khrontov, Shubarshi badi revolyutsiya ba vujud omadand. Dar Mugojar kurorti Birchogir voqe ast.

Khojagi. Dar viloyat sanoat (aso­san madan, moshinsozi va korkardi ashyoi khomi khojagii qishloq) va lalmikori, chorvodori taraqqi kardaand. Solhoi 1940—68 mahsuloti umumii sanoati 0. 17,6 marotiba afzud. Energetik viloyat asosan angishti Qaraganda va gazi tabiii gazoprovodi Bukhoro—Uralro istifoda mekunad. Dar Oqteppa zakhirahoi khromit, mis, madani nikelu kobalt, titan, tillo, inchunin fosforit, neft, gazi tabii mavjudand. Dar zaminai in za- khira sohahoi sanoati madan, khimiya, zavodi ferrokhulaho va gayra ba vujud omadand. Aksariyati korkhonahoi sanoati madan dar mintaqai My­gajar va qismi markaziyu janubi vilo­yat voqeand. Dar shahri Oqteppa zavodhoi ferrokhulaho, payvastahoi khrom, apparathoi rentgeni, moshinhoi khojagii qishloq, zavodhoi mekhaniki, tamiri avtomo­bil va korkhonahoi sanoati sabuku khurokvori, dar shahri Olga kombinati khimiyavi mavjudand.

Dar viloyat qismi asosii zaminho charogohand: az 26,6 million gektar zamini khojagii qishloq (1968) tanho 2,8 million gektar zamini kishtshavanda, 0,5 million gektar alafzor buda, boqimonda hama charogoh ast. Solhoi 1956—58 ziyoda az 1,6 million gektar zamini bekorkhobida az khud karda, dar zaminai on sovkhozhoi gallakor tash­kil karda shudand.

Soli 1968 dar viloyat 91 sovkhoz va 45 kolkhoz bud. Khudi hamon sol zamini kisht 1824 hazor gektar, az on jumla maydoni galla 1463 hazor gektar, maydoni ziroati tekhniki 0,7 hazor gektar, maydoni kar­toshka va sabzavot 8,4 hazor gektar va maydoni ziroati khuroki chorvo 351 hazor gektar bud. Soli 1968 viloyat 2597, 8 hazor cap gusfandu buz, 452 hazor gov, 39,2 hazor khuk, 83.4 hazor asp, 13,7 hazor shutur dosht. Dar shimoli garbi Oqteppa kishti gallai lalmi (gandumi bahori, jav, arzan, inchunin oftobparast), parvarishi chorvoi gushtu shirdeh, khukparvari va parrandaparvari rivoch yoftaast. Dar qismi khele khushku beobi viloyat chorvoi gushtu ravgandeh va gusfandi gushtu pashmdeh, aspu shutur parvarish karda meshavad. Mohidory dar kuli Shalqor rivoj yoftaast.

Tuli rohi ohan qarib 1140 kilometr. Magistralhoi asosi: Orenburg—Oqteppa— Toshkent va Gurev—Oktyabr—Orsk. Rohhoi khavoi viloyatro bo Moskva, Olmaato va bo digar shahrho, inchunin bo rayonhoi viloyat mepayvandand. Az territoriyai viloyat nefteprovodi Gurev— Orsk va gazoprovodi Bukhoro — Ural va Osiyoi Miyona — Markaz meguzarad.

Sokhtmoni madani va nigahdorii tandurusti. Soli tahsili 1968/69 dar Oqteppa 574 maktabi malumoti umumi (123 hazor talaba) bud. Dar mu- assisahoi tomaktabi 13 hazor kudak tarbiya meyoft. Dar 9 maktabi miyonai makhsus 6,7 hazor talaba, dar 2 maktabi oli (instituti pedagogi va tibbi) 3,7 hazor student mekhond. Vi­loyat 548 kitobkhona, 340 klub, 536 dastgohi namoishi kino, muzei kishvarshinosi va planetariya -(dar Oqteppa) dorad.

Soli 1968 dar viloyat 1009 dukhtur (1 dukhtur ba 500 nafar aholi) va dar bemorkhonaho 5902 kat (106 kat ba 10 hazor akholi) bud. Gazetahoi viloyatii «Kommunizm joli» (ba zaboni qazoqi az soli 1932) va «Put k kommunizmu» (ba zaboni rusi az soli 1919) nashr meshavand. Barnomahoi radioi viloyat ba zabonkhon qazoqi va rusi shunavonida, barnomahoi radio va televizioni Moskvayu Olmaato niz shunavonida va namoish doda meshavand.

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