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UROLOGIYa

UROLOGIYa (az uro… va logiya), yak sohai tibro guyand, ki bemorihoi uzvhoi peshob (dar mardho bemorihoi uzvhoi jinsi), peshgiri va usulhoi muolijai onhoro meomuzad. Bemorihoi urologi az qadim malum budand, vale urologiya hamchun ilm asri 19 tashakkul yoft. Soli 1869 G. Zimon (dar Germaniya) bori nakhust gurdaro bezarar burida partoft. Dar taraqqiyoti minbadai Urologiya khizmati olimoni fransavi F. J. K. Gyuyon, L. Merse, J. Albarran, anglis G. Tompson, P. Freyer va avstriyagi L. Dittel buzurg ast. Dar asri 20 usulhoi navi tashkhisu muolijai urologi, masalan, khromosistoskopiya, pielyugrafiyai retrogradi, urografiyai ekskretori va gayra kashf shudand. Soli 1943 olimi gollandi V. Kolf bori avval gurdai suniro istifoda burd. Inkishofi Urologiya dar Rossiya (asri 19) ba faoliyati I. F. Bush, I. V. Buyalskiy va N. I. Pirogov aloqamand ast.
Urologiya dar Tojikiston soli 1958 ba vujud omad. Soli 1965 dar bemorkhonai respublikavii № 3 shuba (doroi 90 kat) va soli 1969 dar Instituti tibbi kafedrai urologi kushoda shud. Minbad shubahoi urologi (doroi 30— 40 kat) dar Leninobod, Uroteppa, Qurgonteppa va Kulob niz tashkil shudand. Dar shahrhoi Dushanbe, Leninobod va Orjonikidzeobod shubahoi ftiziourologi amal mekunand. Dar Dushanbe inchunin kabineti tadqiqi bezuryotii mard mavjud ast. Sharoiti geografii respublikaro ba nazar girifta, dar 11 shubai jarrohii bemorkhonahoi rayoni baroi shakhsoni giriftori bemorihoi urologi 10—15-togi kat judo kardand. Urologhoi Tojikistoi baae masalahoi muhimmi urologiyu nefrologi, masalan, tasiri omilhoi balandkuhi Pomir ba kori gurdai odam, muolijai bemorihoi iltihobii muzmin va dardi sangi gurda dar kurorti Khojaobigarm, tagiiri gurda hangomi nefrokalsivozi tajribavi va gayraro bomuvaffaqiyat hal karda istodaand. Dar Tojikiston shumorai bisyori urologho kor mekunand. A. S. Osimov.

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