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TURON

TURON, Turon, yake az kishvarhoi qadimie, ki marzu hududi on ba Movarounnahr mutobiqat mekunad. Kalimai Turon az juzhoi tur (dar Avesto tura — daler, dilovar) va suffiksi jambandii -on tarkib yoftaast. Dar zamonhoi qadim dar marzi Movarounnahr qabilae bo nomi tura mezistaast va nomi kishvar — Turon ham ba onho marbut ast. Masalai paydoishi kishvari Turon va ki budani turoniyon va ziddiyatashon bo Eron dar aksari osori adabivu tarikhi — az Avesto to «Shohnoma»-i Firdavsi inikos yoftaast. Muvofiqi «Shohnoma» — Faridun mulki khudro ba se bakhsh karda, ba pisaronash Salm, Eraj va Tur dod. On bakhshe, ki ba Tur doda bud, Turonzamin nom girift.

Ziddiyati Eronu Turon az sababi kushta shudani Eraj ba dasti Salmu Tur sar zad. Sipas, janghoi bayni Eronu Turon dar zamoni zindagii avlodi Tur — Pashang, Afrosiyob va digaron, to Arjosp davom kard.

Dar baze osori adabivu tarikhii badiislomi va hamosahoi turki Turon hamchun mamlakati turkho sharh yoftaast. Vale ayniyat dodani turoniyon va turkho, sarvari qaboili turk donistani qahramoni hamosai eroni — Afrosiyob ba haqiqat muvofiqat namekunad, chunki dar Turoni qadim qaboili turk zindagi namekardand. Turoniyon va eroniyon qabilahoi hamnajod budand. Qabilahoi turk dar in nohiya taqriban asri 6 paydo shuda, tadrijan masnan giriftand va ishtiboh dar nisbat dodani Turon ba kishvari turkon ba vujud omad.

Adayuiyot: Abulqosimi Firdavsi, Shohnoma, jildi 1—9, Dushanbe, 1964—66; Dodikhudoev R., Eronu Turon chi mani dorand?, «Adabiyot va sanat», 13 noyabri 1986; Fray R. N., Nasledie Irana, Moskva, 1972.         M. Dilovarov.

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