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TEPLOKhOD

TEPLOKhOD, yak nav kishtiest, ki tavassuti muharriki darunsuz ba harakat ovarda meshavad. Teplokhodho bori avval dar Rossiya baroi kor dar daryoi Volga sokhta shudand: talkerhoi vintii «Vandal» (1903), «Sarmat» (1904), yadakkishtii «Misl» (1907) va gayra; baroi kor dar bahri Kaspiy tankeri «Delo» (1908) bunyod gardid. Nakhustin kishtii (teplokhodi) zeriobii «Minota» ham soli 1908 dar Rossiya sokhta shudaast, ki 2 muharriki darunsuz (iqtidori har yaki on 88 kVt) dosht.

teploxod

Dar khorija Teplokhod dar Daniya soli 1922 sokhta shud (tankeri naqliyotii «Zelandiya»), ki on du muharriki (iqtidori har yake 920 kVt) dosht. Soli 1913 az 80 Teplokhodi floti jahoni 70 toash azoni Rossiya bud. Takmili muharrikhoi darunsuz sababi ba tavri vase istifoda burdani teplokhodho gardid. Dar teplokhod muharriki asosi muharriki darunsuzi du takta va chortaktai khurd, miyona va balandgardish meboshad. Kompressor va ballonhoi havoi fishurda, sistamai khunukkunii porshenho va silindrho, tajhizoti tozakuni va intiqoli suzishvoriyu ravganhoi molidani tajhizoti yoridihandai shubai moshinii teplokhod meboshand. Iqtidori mehini agregatii muharrikhoi kishtiho ba 36,3 MVt (Teplokhodparomho; 1975, Yaponiya), vale iqtidori mehini dastgohho ba 2×29,4 MVt (Teplokhodi konteynerkashon; Yaponiya) rasidaast.

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