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TABL

TABL sozi zarbii musiqii qadimist. Tablro az chub mesozand. On shaklan mudavvaru darunkholi buda, az du tarafash pust mekashand. Qutri doiraash 70—90, zahniash 30—40 sm. Bo chubi kubak (muloim) monavozand.

tabl

Tabl dar asrhoi 12— 10 to m. dar mamlakathoi Sharqi Miyonayu Nazdik mamul bud. Masalan, tablro dar Sugd bo resmon yo tasma ba kitf ovekhta (yo ba miyon basta) menavokhtaand. Tablro asosan asbobi musiqii razmi donistaand:
Furu kuftand az du su tabli jang,
Guzasht az Surayb darangodarang
(Shodi)
Tablro bazan zanho niz mevavokhtaand, az in ru onro asbobi marossimiyu bazmi ham guftan mumkin ast. Tabli sharqiro Iskandari Maqduni ba qatori sozhoi harbi dokhil kard, ki bo hamovozii shaypuri yunoni navokhta meshud. Vale dar asrhoi avvali milod shakli Tabl tagyir yoft, on nisbat ba Tabli peshina khurdtar va kame darozruya buda, ba duhuli hozirai mardumi hindu afgon va Eronu arab monandi dosht. Hamin namudi Tabl (gayr az Tabli razmi) dar davrai Sosoniyon khele mamul buda, onro beshtar zanon menavokhtaand. Dar asrhoi miyona har du shakli Tabl istifoda meshud.
Tabl dar shakli takmilyoftaash dar musiqii muosir (orkestrhoi simfoni, asbobhoi khalqi, estradi va gayra) istifoda meshavad. Shakli khurdash (duhul) dar Hinduston, Eron, Afgoniston va gayra mamul ast.
I. Rahimov.

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