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SURKOV Aleksey Aleksandrovich

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SURKOV Aleksey Aleksandrovich (13. 10. 1899, dehai Serednevo, hozira rayoni Ribinski viloyati Yaroslavl —14. 06. 1983, Moskva), shoiri sovetii rus, khodimi jamiyati, Qahramoni Mehnati Sosialisti (1969). Azoi KPSS az soli 1925. Fakulteti adabiyoti Instituti professurai surkhro tamom kardaast (1934). Ishtirokchii Jangi grajdani (1918—20) va Jangi Buzurgi Vatani (1941—45). Asarhoyash az soli 1918 nashr meshavand. Dar sher va surudhoi solhoi 30 Surkov qahramoni va fidokorii mardum dar solhoi Jangi grajdani vasf shudaast (majmuahoi «Ogozi surud», 1930; «Jangi okhirin», 1033; «Hamsolon», 1934; «Vatani jasuron», 1935; «Mo chunin ba voya rasidem», 1940 va gayra). Dar behtarin sherhoi solhoi jang (surudi «Dar otashdoni tang otash valvala mekunad…» va gayra; Mukofoti davlatii SSSR, 1946), ki ba majmuahoi «Mohi dekabr dar nazdi Moskva» (1942), «Hujum» (1943), «Rossiyai jazodihanda» (1944) va gayra dokhilshudaand, Surkov ba lirika ruy ovarda, khashmu gazabi umumikhalqi, gamu anduh, sayu kushishi jangovaronro ba galaba ifoda kardaast. Khotiroti khudro chun ishtirokchii harakati tarafdoroni sulh dar majmuahoi sherhoi «Bigzor sulh dar tamomi jahon poydor boshad!» (4950; Mukofoti davlatii SSSR, 1951), «Sharq va Garb» (1967), «Surud dar borai insoniyat» (1961), «Bakht chist?» (1969), «Badi jang» (1972) va gayra gird ovardaast. Hamchun tarjumon niz maruf ast. Dar kitobi «Nidoi asr» (1965) maqolaho va nutqhoi u doir ba masalahoi adabiyot jam ovarda shudaand. Bisyor sherhoi Surkov ba zaboyahoi khalqhoi SSSR, az jumla ba tojikiva zabonhoi khoriji tarjuma shudaand. Sarmuharriri «Literaturnaya gazeta» (1944—46), jurnali «Ogonyok» (1945—63); solhoi 1962—78 sarmuharriri «Kratkaya literaturnaya ensiklopediya». Nomzad ba azogii Komiteti Markazii KPSS (1956—66), azoi Kamissiyai markazii taftishoti KPSS (1952— 56); Deputati Soveti Olii SSSR (davathoi 4—9) va Soveti Olii RSFSR (davathoi 2—3). Uzvi Soveti Umumijahonii Sulh (az soli 1953). Kotibi Ittifoqi NavisandagoniSSSR (az soli 1949; solhoi 1953—59 — kotibi yakum). Laureati  Mukofoti baynalkhalqii ba nomi Botev (1976). Bo 4 ordeni Lenin, 4 ordeni digar, ordeni bulgorii Kirill va Mefodiy, inchunin medalho mukofotonida shudaast.

Osor: Sobranie sochinenie v 4-kh tomakh, Moskva, 1973.

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SAQAVI, nigared, Luknat.