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«SURAT-UL-ARZ»

«SURAT-UL-ARZ»    asari jugrofii Muhammad ibni Musoi Khorazmist, ki solhoi 836—46 ba arabi talif shuda, dar borai mahalli joygirshavii shahrho, kuhho, chashmaho, daryoyu bahrho va jaziraho malumot medihad. Dar makhazhoi asrimiyonagi bo nomhoi «Rasm-ur-rub-ul-mamur», «Rasm- ul-arz», «Rasm-ul-mamur min-al-bi- lod» niz zikr shudaast. Muallif dar bobi alohida joygirshavii 573 shahru mahalli pasi iqlimi haftum va dar bobi digar arzu tuli 209 kuhro bo jadvalho nishon dodaast.

«Surat-ul-arz» doroi chor kharita ast. Yake kharitai daryoi Nil buda, duyumi shaklhoi gunoguni khati sohilho meboshad. Du kharitai digar hanuz tahqiq nashudaast. Muallif dar talifi kitob az «Dastur-ul-amali jugrofi»-i Batlimus istifoda burdaast. «Surat-ul-arz»-ro soli 1926 sharqshinos G. Mjik az rui dastkhate, ki soli 1037 kitobat shudaast, ba tab rasonid. Baze jadvalhoi arzu tuli in asar badi bozdidi nazari olimon ba «Jadvalhoi Toledo» dokhil shudand, ki onho dar asri 12 ba lotini tarjumashuda, dar tamomi Evropa shuhrat paydo kardand.    G. Goibov.

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SATO

SATO, asbobi musiqii torist, ki bo kamoncha menavozand. Sato dar bayni tojikoi, uzbekho, eroniyon, afgonho …