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SUGUR

sughur

SUGUR (Marmota), sugar, usgar, usgur, jonvarest surkhchamuy az jinsi khoyandaho. Darozii tanashto 60 sm va dumash to 30 sm. 15 namudash dar dashtu (gayr az biyobonu tundra) kuhhoi Nimkurai shimoli to balandii 4800 m az sathi bahr pahn shudaast. Dar SSSR 6, az jumla dar Tojikiston 2 namudash Suguri surkh va Suguri Menebir) zindagi mekunad. Suguri surkh (M. saudata) jonvari mavzehoi balandkuhi Tojikiston ast. Darozii tanash 45—60 om. Guruhguruh zindagi mekunand. Dar chuqurii 2—4 m khona mesozad. Suguri Menzbir (M. menzbieri) dar teppahoi Oqtosh va Yakhshiboi qatorkuhhoi Qurama maskun ast. Darozii tanash 45—50 sm. Dar okhirhoi mohi may 2—4 bacha mezoyad. Suguri Menzbir hayvoni nodir buda, ba «Kitobi surkh» dokhil shudaast. Khuroki Sugur rastani va bazan hasharot meboshad. Tiramoh pesh az khobizimistoni dar badanash 22—28% ravgan jam meshavad. Beshtari namudhoi Sugur homiloni tabiii angezandai tounand.

G. S. Davidov.

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SAKhAROZA

SAKhAROZA, qandi nayshakar yo lablabu, yake az muhimtarin disakharidhost, ki dar hamai rastanihoi fotosintezkunanda mavjud …