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SOKhTMONI NAQLIYOT

SOKhTMONI NAQLIYOT, yak sohai sokhtmonro guyand, ki sokhtmonu aznavsozii inshooti naqliyoti avtomobili, obi, havoi, rohi ohan va gayraro ba amal mebarorad; sokhtmoni rohhoi ohanu avtomobil, elektrikoni, avtomatika va telemekhanikai rohi ohan, pushishi rohho va aerodromho, kuprukho, gulbahoi magistralii neftu gaz, vokzalho, depo va gayraro ba jo meovarad.

soxtmoni-nakliyot

Sokhtmoni naqliyotiro dar SSSR muvofiqi planhoi perspektivii sistemai yagonai naqliyot ba amal mebarorand. Avvalin programmai 2-solai Sokhtmoni naqliyotiro bo qarori SKKh az 27 marti 1919 muayyan kardaand. Dar solhoi Jangi grajdani va intervensiyai harbi (1918—20) 1000 km rohi ohani nav sokhta shud. S 1920 bo tashabbusi V.    I. Lenin plani GOELRO, ki dar on elektrikonii rohhoi ohan va sokhtmoni rohhoi nav peshbini shuda bud, qabul gardid.

Dar panjsolahoi peshazjangi (1929 —40) 13,4 hazor km rohi ohani nav sokhta shudand.

Badi jang Sokhtmoni naqliyoti bo surat taraqqi kard. Solhoi 1945—75 magistrali rohi   ohani Janubi Sibir, rohhoi Tayshet — Lena, Barnaul — Omsk, Tyumen — Tobolsk va gayraro sokhta, magistrali kalontarini Moskva — Baykal, Leningrad — Moskva — Leninakan, Moskva — Kiev — Chop, Qaraganda — Selinograd — Magnitogorsk elektrikonida shudand. Soli 1974 sokhtmoni Magistrali Baykalu Amur (darozii umumiash az Ust-Qut to Komsomolski Amur 3145 km) ogoz yoft. Purra ba istifoda dodani in roh baroi dar khojagii khalq istifoda namudani sarvathoi ziyodi tabii, baroi bunyod kardani nohiyahoi kaloni navi sanoati va sokhtani shahru posyolkahoi nav imkon modihad. Soli 1979 navbati duyumi gazoprovodhoi Urengoy—Chelyabinsk (daroaiash 1600 km), Shebelinka — Dnepropetrovsk— Krivoy Rog — Izmail va Gryazoves—Leningrad (darozii har kadome 600 km) ba istifoda doda shud.

Dar Respublikai Soveti Sotsialistii Tojikiston Sokhtmoni naqliyoti asosan bad az galabai Revolyusiyai Oktyabr inkishof yoft. Soli 1925 sokhtmoni rohi ohani Samsonov — Tirmiz — Dushanbe va soli 1929 sokhtmoni rohi avtomobil sar shud.

Soli         1940 rohi avtomobilii Pomir ba okhir rasid. Rohhoi baynirespublikavii Dushanbe — Tirmiz, Khorug — Ush, Panjakent — Samarqand, Uroteppa — Khavos,      Leninobod — Toshkent va gayra sokhta shudand. Nigared niz Naqliyoti rohi ohan, Naqliyoti avtomobili, Roh.

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