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SOHIRI

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SOHIRI (arabi       az sehr), jodugari, afsungari, yak odati khurofotiro guyand, ki tibqi on sohiron guyo tavassuti quvvahoi favquttabii voqeavu hodisahoro idora mekardaand. Sohiri mahsuli manavii jamoai ibtidoist; zimni etiqodi odamoni qadim ba tasiri mutaqobili inson va tabiat ba vujud oma- daast. Bo mururi zamon Sohiri ba tar- kibi dinhoi ibtidoi (animizm, totemizm, fetishizm) va barobari ba vujud omadani dinhoi yakkakhudoi (monoteisti) qisman ba tarkibi in dinho dokhil shuda ba sharoitu talaboti navi jamiyat mutobiq gardid. Pas az jori shudani dini islom Sohiri ba kitobhoi dini dokhil shud. Ahli khurofot chunin mepindoshtand, ki Sohiri baroi az qasdi dushmanu hamlay hayvonot emin doshtan, ba rafi tasiri suqu hasud va zahri chashm, tamini barori kor, farovonhosili va gayra ba odamon yori merasonad. Shakhsone, ki marosimhoi Sohiriro ba jo meovardand, sohir, sehrgar, jodugar va gayra menomidand. «Rad namudani chashmi bad», «barovardani suqu hasud», «garmu khununkuni», «afsungari», «gardonidani ilmu amal», «jodugari», «davat namudani shamol va boron» («suskhotun» yo «ashaglon»), «bastani peshi kori dushman», «kushodani peshi kori khud», «bomuvaffaqiyat anjom yoftani safar», «yoftani duzd va chizhoi gumshuda», «aniq kardani gunahkor» va gayra, ki dar bayni aksari khalqhoi jahon mamuland, ba doirai amali Sohiri medaromad. Sohiriro ba du guruh judo mekunand: zararrason va mufid. «Khunukkuni», «suqdarori», «kinadarori», «borgardoni», «ilmu amalkuni», «jodukhuroni» va gayra ba guruhi Sohirii zararrason va amalu marosimhoe, ki ba peshgiri va rafi tasiri in guna korho ravona shudaand, ba guruhi Sohirii mufid dokhil meshavand. Vobasta ba mashguliyat, kasbu kor va marosimho (dehqoni, chorvodori, shikor, ustoi, duzandagi, duredgari, ohangari, zargari, tuy, motam, tavalludi kudak va gayra) namudhoi gunoguni Sohiri vujud dosht. Dar ayyomi mo ba tufayli peshrafti ilm va baland shudani marifati khalq marosimhoi Sohiri besh az pesh barham mekhurand.

O. Murodov.

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SAFA

SAFA, nigared, Trikhofitiya.