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ShODIYONA

ShODIYONA, zarbi qadimii doire va nagora, ki bo hamovozii surnay ijro meshavad. Sh.-ro asosan ansambli khosi iborat az surnay, karnay, naqora va 2—3 doyra ijro mekunad,

Sh. ohangi raqsi buda, hangomi tuy, bazm, ruzhoi id, sarshavii yagon jamomad va g. ijro meshavad. Sh. az jihati zarb va usul ba chand namud judo meshavad. Dar risolahoi musiqii Sh.-i turki (bo zarbi «turki» ijroshavanda), Sh.-i jufti (dar shabi tui arusi navokhtashavanda) va g. nombar shudaand. Shakli ohangii Sh. dar «Shashmaqom» niz ba nazar merasad. Sh.-i «Shashmaqom» az digar shaklhoi dar risolaho zikrshuda az jihati zarbu usul farq mekunad. Sh.-i zamonavii raqsi dar okh. s-hoi 30 avvalin bor az tarafi doiradasti mohir A. Homidov navokhta shuda, dar havoi on Art. Khizmatnishondodai ROS Toj. O. Isomova raqsidaast. In Sh.-ro baletmeyster G. Valamatzoda az zarbhoi gunoguna raqsi (jashnobodi, larzon, valsi, naqoravi va g.) tartib dodaast. Pas az chande bo tahriri nav (s.-hoi 1965 —66 az tarafi G. Valamatzoda) raqsi Sh.-ro Malika Qalandarova ijro kard.

I. Rahimov.

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SATO

SATO, asbobi musiqii torist, ki bo kamoncha menavozand. Sato dar bayni tojikoi, uzbekho, eroniyon, afgonho …