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SLAVYaNOFILHO

slavyanofili

SLAVYaNOFILHO, yake az jarayonhoi afkori jamiyatii rus dar miyonai asri 19, ki dar sharoiti krizisi krepostnoychigi ba vujud omada bud. Slavyanofilho manfiathoi pomeshikoni burjuashudaro ifoda mekardand, tarafdoroni islohoti burjuazi budand, vale «nazariya»-i rohi makhsusi taraqqiyoti tarikhii Rossiyaro peshnihod nardaand. Onho mamlakati ba khud khos budani Rossiyaro dar on medidand, ki guyo dar Rossiya muborizai sinfi nabudaast va ba in mamlakat tanho jamoa va pravoslaviyaro khos medonistand. Ba harakati revolyutsioni nazari dushmanona doshtand. Namoyandagoni asosii slavyanofilho A. S. Khomyakov, barodaron I. V. va P. V. Kireevskiyho, barodaron K. S. va I. S. Aksakovho, Yu. F. Samarin va digaron budand. Slavyanofilho dar masalai dehqonon dar mavqei liberali istoda, tarafdori on budand, ki mutlaqiyat va zamindorii pomeshiki boqi monand, dehqonon shakhsan ozod gardand va ba onho zamin furukhta shavad. Dar  muborizai jamiyatiyu ideyavii solhoi 30—50 asri 19 Slavyanofilho ba muqobilati garbchiyon (onho tarafdoroni bo rohi mamlakathoi Garb taraqqi kardani Rossiya budand) duchor shudaast. Ba Slavyanofilho ideologiyai revolyutsioneroni demokrat — V. G. Belinskiy, A. I. Gersen va digaron muqobil meistod.

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SAFEDJOMAGON payravon va tarafdoroni Muqnna. Muqanna bar ziddi alomati davlatii Abbosiyon (yane siyohpushi) ta- rafdoron …