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SARV

SARV, jinsi buttavu darakhtoni hameshasabzest az oilai sarviho. To 20—25 (bazan to 45 metr) qad mekashad, gafsii tanaash 30—70 santimetr, to 2 hazor sol umr mebinad. Barghoi navniholi Sarv suzanshakl (to 1 santimetr) va darakhtoni kaloni on pulakchashakland (1—2 millimetr), jalguzaash mudavvar (diametrash to 2—3 santimetr), soli seyum pukhta, soli chorum kushoda meshavad, tukhmash maydai qanotakdor (5—7 millimetr). Namudhoi gunoguni Sarv ba iqlimi subtropiki khosand.

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Qarib 20 namudi Sarv dar kishvarhoi bahri Miyonazamin (Eron, Osiyoi Khurd, jazirahoi bahri Egey, Krit va Kipr), Sakhara, Himoloy, Khitoi Janubi, Amerikai Shimoli meruyand. Dar Ittifoqi Respublikahoi Sovetii Sotsialisti Soyuz Sovetskikh Sosialisticheskikh SSSR (Kavkaz va Krimi Janubi) Sarv chun oroish khele mamul ast. Sarv dar Sharq va az jumla dar Tojikiston az qadimulayyom malum ast. Iqlimi respublika baroi nashunamoi yakchand namudi Sarv musoidat dorad. Dar solhoi okhir khiyobonu kucha- boghoi respublikaro Sarvi sarsabz oroish medihad. Niholi az tukhm ruidai Sarv dar se sol 1,5 metr qad mekashad.
Adabiyot: Derevya i kustarniki Soyuza Sovetskikh Sosialisticheskikh Respublik SSSR, tom 1, Moskva—Leningrad, 1949.; Derevya i kustarniki dlya ozeleneniya Tadjikistana, Dushanbe, 1965.
M. Ismoilov.

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