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SARHADHOI DAVLATI

SARHADHOI DAVLATI, khattero guyand, ki hududi territoriyai davlatro muayyan mekunad. Sarhadhoi davlatii khushki va obi bo muvofiqati bayni davlathoi marbuta muqarrar meshavad. Marosimi muayyan namudani sarhad 2 marhala dorad: muvofiqi shartnoma muayyan namudani samt va mavqei sarhad (delimitasiya) va muqarrar namudani sarhad dar mahal (demarkasiya).

sarhad

Sarhadhoi bahrie, ki obhoi territoriyavii davlati dar sohil joygirshudaro az bahri kushod judo mekunand, az tarafi organi qonunbarori davlati sohili dar hududi obhoi territoriyavi (dar arzi az 3 to 5 mil) muqarrar meshavad. Sathi amudii sarhadhoi obiyu khushki sarhadi havoi va qarii davlat hisob meyobad. Sarhadhoi davlati, ki alomathoi sarkhadi dorand, dakhlnopazir meboshand. Baron tamini dakhlnopazirii Sarhadhoi davlati davlathoi hamhudud qoidai muayyani sarhadiro muqarrar mekunand, ki dar on tartibi nigoh doshtani khatti sarhad va inchunin qoidai guzashtan az on bayon meyobad. Bo maqsadi muhofizati Sarhadhoi davlati dar viloyathoi sarhadi qoidai makhsusi sarhadi jori megardad, ki on az tarafi organi qonunguzorii dokhili va bo muvofiqati davlathoi hamhudud barovarda meshavad. Muvofiqi Nizomnoma dar borai muhofizati sarhadi davlatii Ittifoqi Respublikahoi Sovetii Sotsialisti Soyuz Sovetskikh Sosialisticheskikh Respublik SSSR, ki Ukazi Prezidiumi Soveti Olii Ittifoqi Respublikahoi Sovetii Sotsialisti Soyuz Sovetskikh Sosialisticheskikh Respublik SSSR az 5 avgusti 1960 («Vedomosthoi Soveti Olii Ittifoqi Respublikahoi Sovetii Sotsialisti Soyuz Sovetskikh Sosialisticheskikh Respublik SSSR», 1960, № 34, sahifai 324) tasdiq namudaast, Sarhadhoi davlatii Ittifoqi Respublikahoi Sovetii Sotsialisti Soyuz Sovetskikh Sosialisticheskikh Respublik SSSR bo alomathoi didashavandai sarhadi (sutunhoi sarhadi, piramidaho, teppaho, sangtuda, alomathoi ruiobi va gayra) nishon doda meshavad. Dar baze joyhoi alohidai khatti hududi berunii obhoi territoriyavi, ki dar bahr Sarhadhoi davlatii Ittifoqi Respublikahoi Sovetii Sotsialisti Soyuz Sovetskikh Sosialisticheskikh Respublik SSSR hisob meyoband, nishonahoi ruiobi va digar nishonaho guzoshta meshavand. Dar daryohoi sarhadi Sarhadhoi davlatii Ittifoqi Respublikahoi Sovetii Sotsialisti Soyuz Sovetskikh Sosialisticheskikh Respublik SSSR dar mobayni daryo va yo dar yake az shokhahoi kalontarini rezishgoh, dar daryohoi sarhadii kishtigard dar joi chuquri kishtigardi daryo, dar kulho boshad dar vasati kul yo khatti roste, ki sarhadhoi sohili kulro ba ham mepayzandand, muqarrar karda meshavad. Dar baze holatho Hukumati Soveti dar territoriyahoi obiyu khushkii Ittifoqi Respublikahoi Sovetii Sotsialisti Soyuz Sovetskikh Sosialisticheskikh Respublik SSSR mintaqaho va khathoi sarhadiro bo rejimi sarhadi muqarrar menamoyad. Obhoi territoriyavi odatan ba mintaqahoi sarhadi dokhil meshavand. Daryoho va kulhoi sarhadi (bo jaziraho) zeri nazorati qatii qushunhoi harbii sarhadi meboshand. Tanzimi hamatarafa va amiqi nizohoi sarhadi dar asosi rozigii tarafayn ahamiyati kalon dorad. Dar tajribai munosibathoi baynalkhalqi chunin nizoho tavassuti komissaroni sarhadi barham doda meshavand. Vazifai onho az taftish va halli masalai vayron kardani sarhad (ba gayr az se masalae, ki halli on munosibati diplomatiro talab mekunad) iborat ast.
Adabiyot: Kurs mejdunarodnogo prava, tom 3, Moskva. 1967.

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SAFORAT

SAFORAT, namoyandagi, koru amali safir, ki az tarafi davlate ba poytakhti davlati digar meravad. Nigared, …