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SANOATI KhUROKVORI

SANOATI KhUROKVORI, majmui sohahoi sanoatro guyand, ki mahsuloti khurokvori, inchunin masnuoti tamoku, atriyotu pardozi, sobun va masnuoti jomashui mebarorad.
Dar Rossiyai torevolyutsioni ziyoda az 300

hazor korkhonahoi khurdi Sanoati khurokvori budand. Badi Revolyutsiyai Kabiri Sotsialistii Oktyabr sohahoi gunoguni Sanoati khurokvori taraqqi kardand.
Dar panjsolahoi peshazjangi (1929—1940) bisyor korkhonahoi Sanoati khurokvori az nav sokhta, bo tekhnikai puriqtidor tajhizonida shudand, zavodhoi nav bunyod gardidand. Solhoi Jangi Buzurgi Vatani (1941—45) istilogaroni fashisti dar nohiyahoi zabt kardaashon bisyor korkhonahoi Sanoati khurokvoriro az kor barovardand. Soli 1945 hajmi istehsolot nazar ba soli 1940-um 1,9 barobar kam shud, istehsoli baze navhoi mahsulot (gusht, shakar) az darajai soli 1913 ham past faromad. Badi jang korkhonahoi vayronro barqaror karda bo tekhnikai nav tajhizonidand, korkhonahoi nav bunyod gardidand. Soli 1973 Sanoati khurokvori ziyoda az 11 hazor korkhonai mustaqil dosht, ki dar onho taqriban 3 million nafar korgar kor mekard. Sadho ittihodiyahoi istehsoli va agrariyu sanoati ba vujud omadand. 1 iyuli 1973 Sanoati khurokvori 2407 zavod, 12634 sekhu uchastkai kompleksii mehanikonida va avtomatonida dosht. Solhoi 1940—1980 hajmi umumii mahsuloti Sanoati khurokvori taqriban 6,5 barobar afzud. Soli 1980 hajmi mahsuloti Sanoati khurokvori ba hajmi mahsuloti sanoati sabuk qarib barobar shud. Sanoati khurokvori ziyoda az 100 milliard sumina mahsulot barovard.

xurokvori
Istehsoli mahsuloti Sanoati khurokvorii Ittifoqi Respublikahoi Sovetii Sotsialisti Soyuz Sovetskikh Sosialisticheskikh Respublik muttasil meafzoyad.
Sanoati khurokvori dar Tojikiston asosan pas az Revolyutsiyai Oktyabr paydo shud. Pesh az revolyutsiya dar Tojikiston yakchand zavodhoi ravgankashi (ravgani pakhta, kunjid, zagir va gayra) budand. Masnuoti khurokvoriro asosan kosibonu hunarmandon istehsol mekardand. Dar juvozkhonaho ravgan mekashidand. Nimai duyumi solhoi 20 sokhtmoni yakchand osiyobhoi mekhaniki va zavodhoi ravgankashi anjom yoft. Solhoi 1920— 19*30 yakchand korkhonahoi nav sokhta shudand: 3avodi mevatozakunii Konibodom (1928), Fabrikai qannodii Konibodom (1928), kombinahoi gushtu khurokvori (1930) va zavodhoi maykashii Stalinobod (1932) va Uroteppa (1930), kombinathoi ravganu ravgani efir (soli 1935 barham doda shud), gusht (1931) va konservi Leninobod (1932), Kombinati ordi Yangibozor (holo Orjonikidzeobod, 1932), 3avodi maykashii Panjakent (1931), 3avodi ravgankashii Qurgonteppa (1932), 3-avodi maykashii Isfiskhor (holo Gafurov, 1932), 3avodi ravgankashii Kulob (1933) va gayra Sanoati khurokvorii Tojikiston hanuz dar solhoi 1930 talaboti aholiro bo masnuoti judogona tamin kard. Konservhoi zardolui Kombinai kon- servi Leninobod soli 1937 dar Namoishgohi umumijahonii Parij ba diplomi darajai 1-um sazovor gardid. Mayi «Gonchi”-i 3avodi maykashii Uroteppa dar Namoishgohi umumijahonii Zagreb (Yugoslaviya, 1957) diplomi darajai 1-um va medali tillo girift.
Sanoati khurokvori bo istehsoloti khojagii qishloq aloqai mustahkam dorad. Peshraftp khojagii qishloqi respublika baroi taraqqii minbadai Sanoati khurokvori, makhsusan sohahoi ravganu maykashi, istehsoli konservhoi mevayu sabzavot va gushtu shir musoi- dat mekunad. Soli 1980 dar 6 ittihodiyai istehsolii Vazorati sanoati khurokvorii respublika — Ittihodiyai istehsolii noni Dushanbe (1974), ittihodiyahoi konserv (1971) va noni Leninobod (1974), «Tojikpivo» (1971), «Tojikmaslo» (1970) va Ittihodiyai istehsolii tamoku va konservi Panjakent (1974) 63%- korgaroni Sanoati khurokvori kor mekardand. In ittihodiyaho 71,4%-i mah- suloti Sanoati khurokvoriro istehsol namudand. Ba sanoati anguru meva ittihodiyahoi istehsolii «Shahrinav» (1971), «Khujand» (1973), «Qurgonteppa» (1974) va «Istaravshan» (1974) mansuband. Sanoati khurokvorii Tojikiston muttasil taraqqi mekunad.
Soli 1980 dar doirai Sanoati khurokvori 77 korkhona kor mekard.
Sezdi 20-umi Partiyai Kommunistii Ittifoqi Soveti Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Sovetskogo Soyuza KPSS dar oyanda boz ham taraqqi dodani Sanoati khurokvori va dar in asos baland bardoshtani darajai nekuahvolii aholiro peshbini kard.
Adabiyot: Materialhoi sezdi 26 Partiyai Kommunistii Ittifoqi Soveti Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Sovetskogo Soyuza KPSS, Dushanbe., 1981; Bobosodiqova G. B., Proble- mahoi samaranokii ittihodiyahoi istehsoli dar Tojikiston, Dushanbe, 1981; Oleynichenko D., Solomonov Sh., Razvitie pishevoy promishlennosti Tadjikistana, Dushanbe, 1961; Tadjikistan: ekono- micheskiy raschyot i effektivnost, Dushanbe, 1972; Iz istorii industrializasii Tadjikskoy Sovetskoy Sosialisticheskikh Respublik, Dushanbe, 1972; Narodnoe khozyaystvo Soyuz Sovetskikh Sosialisticheskikh Respublik SSSR v 1983 g.. Moskva, 1984.
V. Isomatov.

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