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ShAKhS

ShAKhS, yake az kategoriyahoi grammatikii fel ast, ki bo kategoriyaya shumora yakjoya istifoda meshavad. Vositahoi grammatikii ifodai Q1. va shumora bandakhoi feli va khabari meooshand. Fel se Shakhs dorad. Shakhsi yakumi tanho va jam—guyanda (man, mo, moyon), Shakhsi duyumi tanho va jam — shunavanda (tu, shumo, shumoyon) va Shakhsi seyumi tanho va jam—goib (vay, u, onho). Shakhsi goib shakhs, predmet yo hodisaero mefahmonad, ki dar borai vay sukhan meravad. Shaklhoi Shakhsi fel tobishhoi manoii makhsus dorand. Mas., shakli Shakhsi duyumi tanho manoi umumshakhsro ifoda makunad (Avval bubin joi khud, bad bimon poi khud). Shakli Shakhsi seyumi jam manoi nomuayyanshakhsro niz mefahmonad (Hamaro rufta burdand). Shakli Shakhsi yakumi jam hangomi ifodai khoksorivu furutani ba Shakhsi yakumi tanho dalolat mekunad (Mo diruz az khona nabaromadem). Baroi ehtirom Shakhsi duyumi jam ba manii Shakhsi duyumi tanho (Shumo farmoed, man menavisam) va Shakhsi seyumi jam bo manoi Shakhsi seyumi tanho meoyad (Padaram omadand).

Ad.; Grammatikai zaboni adabii hozirai tojik, ch. 1, Fonetika va morfologiya, D., 1981».

Sh. Rustamov.

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