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SAGONA

SAGONA 1) qabre, ki az khishti pukhta 6 sang ba shakli gahvora sokhta, dar on yak va bazan yakchand mayitro dafn mekardand; 2) osori memorist, ki baroi abadi gardonidani khotirai in yo on shakhs ba boloi qabrash bunyod mekunand. Sagonaro az khishti pukhta yo sang sokhta bo kandakori va naqshi katibavi oro medihand; du pahluyash ravoqmo- nand meshavad.
Ba boloi gur guzoshtani sutunchai chubi yo sangi hanuz dar davrai peolit jori shudaast. Dar Yunoni Qadim ba boloi gur mujassama, sutuni katiba yo tasvirdor meguzoshtand. Dar asrhoi miyona bo afzudani nufuzi masehiyat evropoiyon ba joi sutunchaho ba boloi qabr salib meguzoshtagi shudand. Dar Evropai Garbi az asri 11 ba boloi qabr guzoshtani sanduqi kholii sangi yo birinji mamul gasht. Dar Kavkaz asrhoi miyona takhtasangi kandakorishuda meguzoshtand. Dar Khitoy, ki avvalho takhtasangro ba tavri amudi guzoshta, dar rui on nomi shakhsro mekandand, dertar sokhtani devorhoi yodgori mamul gardid. Dar zamoni Ehyo joi Sagonaro maqbara girift. Asrhoi 17—18 katibanavisi rasm shud. Dar nimai duyumi asri 19 — ibtidoi asri 20 ba Sagona surati madfunro meguzoshtand. Holo dar Sagona beshtar aksi maiitro medihand.
Dar Osiyoi Miyona ba boloi qabr bino namudani Sagona a-qoi 14—15 vase paqn gasht. Onro asosan az khishti pukhta sokhta, az peshash lavha meguzorand. Lavharo beshtar az marmari siyoh yo khokistari sokhta, bo naqshunigor va katibaho oro medihand. Dar lavhai Sagona nom, kuniya, tarikhi tavallud va vafoti madfun navishta meshavad. Sagonai boloi qabri Temur, Sagonahoi rui qabri khonadoni Temuriyon, Sagonai dakhmai Shayboniyon bo oroishi khud diqqatjalbkunandaand. Dar baze nohiyahoi Osiyoi Miyona, az jumla vodii Fargona, mayitro daruni Sagona meguzorand. A. Valiev.

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