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SAFAVIYa

SAFAVIYa yake az silsilahoi tasavvufro guyand, ki dar davrai harakati payravoni mazhabi shia (asri XIII) dar Eron ba vujud omadaast. Asosguzorash Safiuddin Ishoqi Ardabilist (1252—1334). Sulolai safaviyon ba sari hokimiyati Eron omada, khudro sayid va peshvoi silsila shaykh Safiuddinro nasli 21-umi imomi haftumi ahli shia — Muson Kozim elon kardand. Silsilai Safaviya shoyad dar avvali paydoishash ba harakathoi khalqi tasiri ziyode doshta boshad, zero bino ba malumoti «Safvat-us-safo», shaykh Safiuddin miyoni dehqonon muridi ziyode doshtaast. Safiuddin dar okhiri umrash feodali kalon shuda bud. Az in ru, silsilai Safaviyaro ifodakunandai manfiathoi khalqi mehnatkash shumoridan nodurust ast.
Dar asri 15 silsilai Safaviya beshtar dar bayni qabilahoi kuchmanchii turkqizilboshon nufuz paydo kard. Onho shaykhi silsilai Safaviyaro peshvoi harbii khud elon namudand va khudi Safaviyaro ba sifati aslihai ideologi istifoda burda, zeri livoi shia ba tasarrufi sarzaminhoi digar shuru namudand. Shohoni sulolai Safaviyon badtar Safaviyaro baroi purzur namudani davlati khud istifoda burda, ba tokhtutozhoi torojgarona pardokhtand. Silsilai Safaviya badi ba sari hokimiyat omadani Qojoriyon az bayn raft. M. Hazratqulov.

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