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SAYaN

SAYaN (kuhhoi Sayan), kishvari kuhiest, ki dar qismhoi janubii kishvari Krasnoyarsk va viloyati Irkutsk, qismi shimolii Respublikai Avtonomii Sovetii Sotsialistii Tuva va qismi gar- bii Respublikai Avtonomii Sovetii Sotsialistii Buryatiya voqe gashtaast. Az kuhhoi Oltoi Sharqi, qatorkuhi Abakan va Olatovi Kuznesk (dar Garb) to kuli Baykal (dar Sharq) tul kashidaast. Yakchand qatorkuhhoi muvozi va samthoyashon gunogunro dar bar megirad. Dar bayni qatorkuhho chandin khamihoi sarbasta joy giriftaand. Balandii qatorkuhho dar shimol 500 metr, dar kanorhoi janubii kishvar 900 metr, dar markazi on 2500—3000 metr va az in ham beshtar ast (dar massivi Munku Sardik—3491 metr). Sayan az jihati orografi ba du sistemai kuhi — Sayani Garbi va Sayani Sharqi taqsim meshavad. Sayani Garbi dar janubi kishvari Krasnoyarsk va Respublikai Avtonomii Sovetii Sotsialistii Tula voqe gashta, az boloobi daryoi Maliy Abakan (sharqtari kuli Teles) to payvandgohi kuhhoi Sayani Sharqi (dar sargahi daryohoi Kazir va Uda) ba masofai taqriban 650 kilometr tul kashidaast. Sayani Sharqi dar janubi kishvari Krasnoyarsk dar viloyati Irkutsk, qismi garbii Respublikai Avtonomii Sovetii Sotsialistii Buryatiya va qismi shimoli sharqii Respublikai Avtonomii Sovetii Sotsialistii Tuva joygir shudaast.
Dar Sayan kvarsiti ohandor, madanhoi ohanu mis, tillo, grafit, asbest, abraq va sarvathoi digari zerizamini mavjudand. Chashmahoi minerali niz bisyorand. Iqlimi Sayan nihoyat kontinenti. Zimistonash daroz va khele khunuk.
Daryohoyash ba havzai daryoi Enisey mansuband. Kalontarini onho — Enisey, Abakan, Tuba, Mana, Kan (bo Agul). Olami hayvonoti Sayan: zargush, sanjob, ruboh, gavazn, khirsi bur, kholgul; parrandahoyash durroj, chilmurg, ezorsurkhak va gayra. Daryohon Sayan mohihoi gunogun dorand.

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