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Rayoni Nov

Nov, rayoni mamuriest dar hayati viloyati Leninobod. Sanai tashkilash 29 sentyabri 1926. Az Shimolu Garb bo RSS Uzbekiston, az Shimol va Sharq bo rayonhoi Mastchohu Proletar, az Garb bo rayonhoi Gonchiyu Zafarobod va az Janub bo RSS Qirgiziston hamhudud meboshad. Masohatash 355,7 km2. Aholiash 63737 nafar (1982), asosan uzbekho, tojikon, inchunin rusho, qirgazho va gayra. Zichii aholi dar 1 km2 162,4 kas. Rayon az 6 Soveti qishloq (Kurkat, Qushtegirmon, Nov, Oqteppa, Tagoyak, Farmonqurgon) va 1 ptsh (Nov markazi rayon) iborat ast.

Territoriyai rayon dar qismi garbii vodii Fargona voqe gashta, az Shimol ba  obanbori Farhod to dashthoi Yulduzkuk va Qizili (domanai shimoli qatorkuhi Turkiston) tul kashidaast. Relefi qismi janubiro adirhoi nishebii shimoli qatorkuhi Turkiston (balandi az sohili bahr 1200—1300 m) va qismi shimolro hamvoriho (balandiashon az sohili bahr 400—450 m) tashkil medihand. Sarvati zerizaminii — masolehi binokori (odaksang, regu shagal va gili khishtbob). Iqlimi rayon kontinenti, tobistonash garm (harorati, miyonai iyul 25—30°S), zimistonash mutadil (harororati miyonai yanvar az O to —5°S). Borishoti solona 200— 300 mm. Territoriyai rayonro daryohoi Oqsu va Isfana burida meguzarand, ki obi onho purra baroi obyori istifoda meshavavd. Khoki zaminhoi Nov dar Shimol khokistarrangi biyoboniyu nimbiyoboni, dar Janub— khokistarrangi muqarrari va khokistarrangi tira. Dar zaminhoi bekorkhobida rastanihoi efemeri, inchunin yavshon, jorubak va gayra meruyand. Dar mahalhoi aholinishin darakhtoni mevador (tut, zardolu, seb, nok, olubolu, shaftolu va garya) va bemeva (bed, safedor, chinor va gayra ) bisyorand. Olami hayvonoti rayon kambagal. Az darrandagon gurgu ruboh, az khoyandaho zargush, jayra, mushu kallamushho, az khazandagon savpusht, moru kaltakalos va az parrandahoi shikorbob kabk mavjudand.

Dar iqtisodiyoti rayon khojagii qishloq joi asosiro ishgol mekunad. Makhsusan pakhtakori, bordoriyu kirmakdori va chorvodori taraqqi kardaast. Az ziroathoi galladona asosan sholi, gavdum, jav va chuvorimakka mekorand. Soli 1982 rayon 8 kolkhozi pakhtakor («Ukraina», «40-solagii Oktyabr», ba nomi Kalinin, ba nomi Dmitrov, «50- solagii SSSR», ba nomi Sattorov, ba nomi Kirov, «Tojikiston») va 1 sovkhozi sabzavotkor (ba nomi Jdanov) dosht. Maydoni umumii zaminhoi khojagii qishloq 35381 ga (1982), az jumla zaminhoi obi 13138 ga. Zamini pakhta 8795 ga, galla 1,682 ga (az jumla sholi 202 ga, juvorimakka 450 ga), bogu tokzor va tutzorho 712 ga sabzavot 288 ga. Sarshumori chorvo dar khojagihoi jamiyatii rayon (1 iyuli 1982): gov 6728 cap, buzu gusfand 30947 cap, khuk 3054 cap. Soli 1981 rayon ba davlat 23120 t pakhta, 1977 t galla, 280 t mevai tar, 14836 t sabzavot, 1266 t gusht, 4889 t shir, 895 s pashm, 220 hazor dona tukhm va 242 t pilla furukht. Korkhonahoi sanoatii rayon: zavodi  pakhtatozakuni, zavodi «Leninobodselmash» (qismimhoi ehtiyotii moshinhoi khojagii qishloq), zavodi asfaltu be­ton, kombinati masolehi binokori, kombinati mahsuloti galladona (osiyob, zavodi khuroki omekhtai chorvo, elevatorro dar bar megirad), filiali fabrikai shohibofii shahri Leninobod, kombinati khizmati maishi va gayra.

Soli tahsili 1982/83 rayon 25 maktabi miyona, 1 maktab-internat va 1 omuzishgohi kasbhoi tekhnikii qishloq doshta, ki dar onho 17819 nafar khonandagon tahsil mekardand. Dar Nov inchunin 21 klub, 21 kitobkhona, qasri madaniyat, teatri drama va 14 dastgohi kinonamoishdihi hast.

Dar 3 kasalkhonayu tavalludkhona, 2 poliklinika, 1 ambulatoriya, 1 stansiyai sanitariyu epidemiologi, 7 dorukhona, 14 punkti tibbi va 4 punkti feldsheriyu akusherii rayon 102 nafar dukhturoni doroi malumoti oli va 446 nafar korkunoni doroi malumo­ti miyonai makhsusi tibbi kor mekunand.

Az territoriyai rayon khati rohi ohan Khavos — Quqand va avtobushoi marshruti Le­ninobod—Toshkent, Leninobod—Sa­marqand, Toshkent—Leninobod—Andijon, Toshkent — Quqand meguzarand.

Gazetai rayoni—«Kommunizm sa­ri» (az 7 noyabri 1930).

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Dehai SAFEDORON (Qalaykhum)

SAFEDORON, dehaest dar Soveti qishloq Sagirdashti rayoni Qalaykhumi Viloyati Avtonomii Badakhshoni Kuhi . Territoriyai sovkhozi …