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RAMAN Chandrasekkhara Venkata

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RAMAN (Raman) Chandrasekkhara Venkata (7. 11. 1888, Tiruchchirappali—21. 11. 1970, Bengaluru), fi­ziki hind. Pisari muallimi kollej. Dar universiteti Madras (1903—1907) tahsil namudaast. Solhoi 1907—1917 dar departamenti mo­liya adoi khizmat dosht va dar ayni zamon dar laboratoriyai Assosiatsiyai taraqqiyoti ilmi Hinduston (ki sonitar dar tashkili on Raman sahmi buzurg guzoshta bud) tadqiqoti ilmi burd. Solhoi 1917—1933 dar Universiteti Kalkutta kor kard. Soli 1925 bo davati AF SSSR ba Ittifoqi So­veti tashrif ovard. Az soli 1933 professor va direktori Instituti ilm, az soli 1947 direktora Instituti tadqiqoti ilmii Raman dar Bangaluru. Prezidenti AF Hinduston (az soli 1934). Tadqiqoti ilmii Raman asosan ba optika, akustika, fizikai molekulavi oidand. Nakhustin tadqiqothoi u ba omukhtani lappishhoi gayrikhatti va parametri bakhshida shudaand. Soli 1928 (dar yak vaqt bo L. I. Mendelshtam va G. S. Landsberg) parokanishi kombinatsionii rushnoiro (yakjoya bo K S. Krishnan) kashf namud va in hodisaro chun shabehi effekti Kompton sharh dod. Baroi in kashfiyot u soli 1930 laureati Mukofoti nobeli gardid.

Raman dar sohai difraksiyai rushnoi dar mavjhoi ultrasado va fizikai kristallho niz kor kardaast. Khizmati Raman dar inkishofi ilm dar Hinduston baso kalon ast. Azoi khorijii AF SSSR (1947), laureati mukofoti baynalkhalqii leninii «Ba­roi mustahkam namudani sulhi bayni khalqho» (1957) meboshad.

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SAFIKOL, nigared, Sayfos.