Malumoti ohirin

RABOT

rabot

RABOT dar ibtidoi asrhoi miyona yake az chor qismi shahr dar Osiyoi Miyona, Eron va Afgonistonro guyand. Shahrho dar in davra az kuhandiz, shahriston va qabriston iborat budand. Odatan qismi nisbatan navu sarsabzi shahr yo berun az onro Rabot menomidand. Dar on bozor, dukonhoi savdoyu hunarmandi va gayra joy megiriftand. Ba sababi afzudani nufusi shahrho odamon berun az onho manzilgoh mesokhtand. Badi obodu afzuntar shudani manzilgohho onhoro ba shahriston hamroh karda, atrofashonro devor me­giriftand. Rabot hamchun qismi shahr dar Osiyoi Miyona hanuz pesh az istiloi arab vujud dosht. Dar davrai istiloi arab dizu shahristonho kharob gashta, markazhoi mamuri ba Rabot kuchonda shudand, ki in boisi rivoju ravnaqi onho gardid. Rabothoi nazdisarhadi chand qabat devorhoi mudofiavi, anbor, qurkhona, havlii kalon va gayra niz doshtand; Asrhoi 12—13 mafhumi Rabot hamchun qismi shahr az bayn raft; 2) musofirkhona, korvonsaroest, ki dar sari rohi korvonho bino yofta, az iqomatgoh, ogil, anbor, choykhona, choh, havlii kalon va gayra iborat buda, bo devori mudofiavi ihota meshud. Dar chunin Rabotho yak yo yakchand oila doimi mezistand; 3) istehkomi harbi, havlihoi devorbalandi bogu dehot, iqomatgohhoi goziyon, qalandaron (khonaho, qalandarkhona), chordevorhoi baroi nigahdorii chorvo va kohu khoshok tainshudaro niz Rabot menomidand.

Ad.: K u r e n n o y V. N., Rabadi v svete obshey problematiki sredneaziat­skogo goroda VII—XII vv.. L., 1970.

Yu. YOhubov.

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SATO

SATO, asbobi musiqii torist, ki bo kamoncha menavozand. Sato dar bayni tojikoi, uzbekho, eroniyon, afgonho …