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Plankashii khojagii khalq

Plankashii khojagii khalq, metodi asosii amaligardonii siyosati iqtisodii Partiyai Kommunisti, ki ba hamatarafa baland bardoshtani quvvahoi istehsolkunandai jamiyat va purrayu beshtar qone gardonidani talaboti moddiyu madanii khalq ravona karda shudaast. Bo yorii Plankashii khojagii khalq davlat murakkabtarin prosesshoi mehnati jamiyatiro idora mekunad, istehsolot, taqsimot va mubodilai nemathoi moddiro tashkil va tanzim menamoyad. Metodologiyam plankashi ba naza­riyai marksisti-leninii_ takroris- tehsoli vasei sotsialisti va istifodai boshuuronai qonunhoi obektivii iqtisodii sotsializm takya mekunad. Az run plan na mutanosiban inkishof yoftani iqtisodiyoti sotsialisti qonuniyati obektiviest, ki az tarafi istehsoloti jamiyati muayyan karda shudaast.

Plankashii khojagii khalq taraqqiyoti tezi iqtisodiyotro tamin namuda, ba durust jo ba jo kardani kuvvahoi istehsolkunanda, samaranok istifoda burdani komyobihoi ilmu tekhnika, sarfakorona ba kor andokhtani zakhirahoi moddi, mehnati va moliyavii jamiyat imkoniyathoi khub faroham meovarad. Plankashi qonuni taraqqiyoti muntazami khojagii khals va digar qonunhoi iqtisodii sotsializm buda. faqat dar sharoiti molikiyati jamiyati budani vositahoi istehsolot imkonpazir megardad.

Vazifai asosii plakashi taraqqiyoti mutanosibi khojagii khalq va qismhoi judogonai onro tamin namudani va bo hamin darajai samaranokii istehsolotro baland bardoshtan ast. Hangomi tartib dodani planhoi khojagii khalq komyobihoi ilm va tekhnika ba nazar girifta meshavand. Planhoi taraqqiyoti kho­jagii khalq kharakteri direktivi doshta, bad az tasdiq shudan ba hukmi qonun medaroyand va ijroyashon hatmi megardad. Prinsipi asosii plankashi dar idorakunii khojagi sentralizmi demokrati meboshad. Dar vaqti tartib dodani planhoi khojagii khalq yagonagii plankashii jori va plankashii perspektivi rioya karda meshavad.

Plani davlati jihathoi gunoguni khojagii khalqro dar bar megirad. Dar plan suporishhoi oid ba istehsolot, taqsimot, borkashoni, jori namudani tekhnikai nav, sokhtmoni asosi, tamin kardani istehsolot bo ashyoi khom, suporishhoi sohai mehnat va muzdi kor, gardishi mol, tamini taraqqiyoti bosurati sohahoi muhimtarin, taraqqii respublikahoi ittifoqi va rayonhoi iqtisodi inikos meyoband. Hamai jihatho va qismhoi khojagii khalq bo hamdigar uzvan aloqamandand. In aloqamandi boyad dar planhoi taraqqiyoti khojagii khalq niz inikos yobad.

Asosi Plankashii khojagii khalqro az ruzhoi avvali galabai Revolyutsiyai Kabiri Sotsialistii Oktyabr guzoshtand. Dekabri 1917 Soveti Olii Khojagii Khalq (VSIKh) tashkil shud, ki on avvalin organi plankashii Davlati Soveti bud. Fevrali1920 Komissiyai davlatii elektrikonii Ros­siya — GOELRO tashkil yoft. Dar solhoi Jangi Buzurgi Vatani tanosubhoi khojagii khalq baroi tamin kar­dani ziyodii mahsulot, bo tezy ama­ligardonii joygironii mintaqavi sanoat tagyir yoft. Shakli asosii planho dar in davra planhoi behtar operativonai kvartali, mohona va dahruzai khojagii khalq bud. Vazifahoro az rui muhimtarin shaklhoi mahsuloti harbi Komiteti davlatii mudofia (GKO) baroi zavodho bevosita muayyan mekard. Badi jang dar asosi planhoi panjsolai pers­pektivi vazifahoi az nav barqaror namudani khojagii khalq, guzashtan ba darajai balandi taraqqii iqtisodi va ijtimoi hal karda meshudand.

Dar davomi chor panjsolai badi- jangi (1946—1965) programmai azimi takmili tekhnikii istehsolot, afzudani surati hosilnokin mehnat, baland bardoshtani nekuahvolii khalq amali gardonida shud. Plankashii khojagii khalqro bevosita organhoi markazi (Gosplani Ittifoqi Respublikahoi Sovetii Sotsialisti SSSR, vazoratho), Komitethoi plankashii davlatii respub­likahoi ittifoqiyu avtonomi, organhoi planii mahalli — komissiyahoi planii komijroiyahoi kishvari, viloyati, shahri va Sovethoi rayonii deputathoi khalqi va apparati pla­ni dar korkhonaho amali megardonand.

Planhoi taraqqii khojagii khalq kharakteri direktivi dorand. In planhoro dar sessiyahoi Soveti Olii Ittifoqi Respublikahoi Sovetii Sotsialisti SSSR tasdiq mekunand va ijroi onho na tanho baroi korkhonaho, balki baroi organhoi boloi niz hatmi megardand. Dar Ittifoqi Respublikahoi Sovetii Sotsialisti SSSR baroi inkishofi bazai plankashii hozirazamoni tekhniki, dar navbati avval bo rohi istifodai harjonibai EVM (MHE.) kori ziyodero anjom medihand. Makhsusan qarorhoi Plenumi sentyabrii (1965) Komiteti Markazii Partiyai Kommunistii Ittifoqi Soveti KPSS va sezdhoi 24, 25 va 26-umi partiya ba in baso musoidat namudand.

Adabiyot: Materialhoi sezdi 26 Pratiyai Kommunistii Ittifoui Soveti KPSS. Dushanbe, 1981; Ekonomicheskoe planirovanie v Soyuz Sovetskikh Sosialisticheskikh Respublik SSSR, Moskva, 1967; Planirovanie narodno­go khozyaystva SSSR, pod redaktirovaniem L. Ya. Ber­ri. Moskva 1973.

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