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Perlyurachigi

Perlyurachigi, harakati millatchigii burjuazi dar Ukraina dar davrai Jangi grajdany (1918— 1920); az nomi yake az sarkardagoni on S. V. Petlyura girifta shudaast. Asosi ijtimoii Perlyurachigiro kulakhoi ukrain, burjuaziyai mahalli va ziyoiyoni burjuazii doroi ruhiyai millatchigi tashkil mekardand. Ilhombakhsh va takyagohi siyosii Petlyurachigi partiyahoi burjuazi va maydaburjuazii millatchigii Ukraina—Partiyai sotsial-demokratii korgarii Ukra­ina, Partiyai sotsial-revolyutsioneroni Ukraina va gayra budand. Tartiboti siyosii Radai markazi va Direktoriyai Ukraina tajassumi Petlyurachishi gardid. Badi parokandashavii Redai markazi petlyurachiyon ham bo istilogaroni Avstriyayu Germaniya va ham bo P. P.. Skoropadskiy hamkoriro davom dodand.

Noyabri 1918, vaqte ki istilogaron shikast khurdand, sarkar­dagoni Petlyurachigi bar ziddi getman Skoro­padskiy baromadand va 13 noyabri 1918 Direktoriyai Ukrainaro tashkil kardand. Bahori 1919 petlyurachiyon ba hujum guzashta, Kievro ishgol namudand. Oktyabri 1919 Armiyai Surkh petlyurachiyoiro torumor kard va boqimondai petlyurachiyon ba Polsha gurekhtand. 21 apreli 1920 Petlyura bo Polsha shartnoma bast, ki muvofiqi on Polsha ba ivazi giriftani Galiiyai Sharqi, Volini Garbi va yak jismi Polesiya «istiqloli» Uk­rainaro etirof namud. Tobistoni 1920 Armiyai Surkh az Ukraina qushunhoi Polshai burjuaziyu pome­shiki va petlyurachiyonro zada pesh kard (baze dastahoi onho dar gu­berniyai Podolsk boqi monda bu­dand). Petlyura kushish kard, ki bo Vrangel sozish kunad, vale in ham natija nadod; badi barham zadani vrangelchiyon noyabri 1920 Armiyai Surkh petlyurachiyonro ham torumor kard. Solhoi 1921—1922 dar Ukraina dastahoi petlyurachiyon hanuz amal mekar­dand, ammo okhiri soli 1922 onho ham nestu nobud karda shudand.

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