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Pavlodar

Pavlodar, viloyatest dar hayati Respublikai Sovetii Sotsialistii  Qazoqiston 15 yanvari 1938 tashkil shudaast. Masohat 127,5 hazor kilometr2. Aholiash 806 hazor nafar. (1979). Ba 12 rayoni mamuri taqsim shuda, 4 shahr va 11 posyolkai tipi shahr dorad. Markazash — shahri Pavlodar. Viloyat bo ordeni Lenin (1958) mukofotonida shudaast.

            Tabiat. P.avlodar dar shimoli sharqi res­publika, dar mintaqai beshadasht, dasht va nimdasht joygir shudaast. Sarvathoi zerizamini: angishtsang va angishti bur, madanhoi mis va polimetalli. Dar kulho zakhirai namaki osh va namaki glauberi mavjudand. Iqlimi Pavlodar kontinentii khushk, tobistonash garmi beborish. Harorati miyonai iyul 20° Selsiya dar shimoli, 225Selsiya dar Janub.; zimistonash daroz, khunuki kambarf, serburon, harorati miyonai yanvar—19,5°Selsiya dar Shimol,—17,5°Selsiya dar Janub Borishoti solona 220— 240 millimetr dar Janub, 305 millimetr dar Shamol, dar kuhsor 320 millimetr. Davrai nashv 167—J7S shaboruz. _Daryoi kalonash Irtish. Dar viloyat kul bisyor, aksariyati onho shur. Khokash asosan dorchinrangi ti­ra va dashti. Dar dashtho az khoyandaho tavushqon, yurmon, khargush; az darrandaho gurg, ruboh; az parrandaho shonasarak, bedona, murgoby, loykhurak va gayra vomekhurand. Dar daryoi Irtish va kulho mohihoi gunogun hast.

            Aholi. Dar viloyat qazoqho, rusho, ukrainho, totorho, belorusho, mol- daviho, mordvaho, chuvashho, udmurtho zindagi mekunand. Zichii miyonai aholi dar 1 kilometr2 5,9 kas. 54%-i aholi dar shahrho iqomat dorand. Hamai shahrho

(ba gayr az Pavlodar) va posyolkahoi tipi shahrho dar solhoi Hokimiyati Soveti bunyod shudaand.

            Khojagi. Dar viloyat sanoati ener­getika, suzishvori, metallurgi, mo- shinsozi, khimiya, inchunin sanoati sabuk va khurokvori vujud dorad. Energetikai Pavlodar bo angishti mahalii Ekibastuz va angishti Kuznesku Qaraganda kor mekunad. Sohahoi asosii sanoati kuhkori: istehsoli an­gishtsang (Ekibastuz va Maykuben), madani metallhoi ranga (Mayqayn, Buzshakul), istehsoli namak (az kulho), gil va ohaksang (vodii Ir­tish). Qarib hamai korkhonahoi sanoati dar Pavlodar voqe gardidaand.

Dar Pavlodar zavodi alyuminiy, dar shahri Ermak zavodi ferrokhulaho va GRES sokhta shudaast. Nefteprovodi Omsk — Pavlodar — Chimkent va zavodi sofkorii neft kor mekunand. Qismi ziyodi zamini khojagii qishloqi viloyatro charogokh, margzorho tashkil mekunand. Solhoi 1954—58 dar sohili chapi Irtish chandin million gektar zaminhoi bekorbekhobida az khud karda shuda, sovkhozhoi navi gallakor tashkil gardidand. Dar viloyat az ziroati galladona gandumi bahori, jav, arzan, juvorimakka, marjumak, az zi­roati tekhniki oftobparast, kartosh­ka kisht meshavand. Obchakori va ziroati polezi taraqqi kardaast. Soli 1974 viloyat 1613,8 hazor cap gusfand, 612, 5 hazor gov, 100,7 hazor asp, 120,3 hazor khuk, 21,1 hazor buz va 2335,8 hazor parranda dosht. Tuli rohi ohan 574 kilometr. Tuli rohi avtomobilgard 8006 kilometr. Daryoi Irtish kishtigard. Rohi havoii Pavlodar onro bo aksariyati markazhoi rayon, digar viloyatho va shakhrkho mepayvandad.

            Sokhtmoni madani va nigahdorii tandurusti. Soli tahsili 1973/74 dar 612 maktabi malumoti umumi 191,7 hazor talaba, dar 28 maktabi kasbhoi tekhniki 13,3 hazor, dar 12 maktabi miyonai makhsus 11,7 hazor khonanda, dar 2 maktabi oli (instituthoi industriali va pedagogi) 8,5 hazor student mekhond. Soli 1974 dar 403 muassisai tomaktabi 43,8 hazor nafar kudak tarbiya yoft.

Soli 1974 dar viloyat 478 kitobkhonai ommavi, muzei kishvarshinosi na badei (Pavlodar), Muzey yodgorii K. II. Satpaev (Boya- naul), Teatri dramai ba nomi Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (dar Pavlodar), 474 klub, 564 dastgohi kinonamoishdihi, 14 khonai pioneri, 3 st. tekhnikhoi javon, 3 st. tabiatshinosoni javon, 19 maktabi sportii bachagona kor mekard. Gazetahoi viloyatii «Kizil tu» («Bayraqi surkh», ba zaboni qazoqi, az soli 1929) va «Zvezda Priirtishya» (az 1918) nashr meshavand. Barnomahoi radio va televizioni markazi shunavonida va namoish doda meshavand. Soli 1974 dar viloyat 116 muassisai tabobatii doroi 8,9 hazor kat (11,9 kat ba 1 hazor aholi) bud, 1,3 hazor dukhtur (1 dukhtur ba 58 aholi) ba aholi khizmat msrasond. Viloyat kurort, khonahoi istirohat va sanatoriyaho do­rad.

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