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Partiyai Kommunistii Polsha

Partiyai Kommunistii Polsha (PKP, to 1925 Partiyai kommunistii korgarii Polsha, PKKP), 16 dekabri 1918 dar Sezdi muttahidku-nandai sotsial-demokratiyai shohii Polshivu Litva va Partiyai sotsialistii Polsha (PSP) tasis yoft. Sezd platformai siyosi va manifest «Ba proletariati Polsha», inchunin ustavi muvaqqati qabul karda, vazifa guzosht, ki baroi diktaturai proletariat va galabai sotsializm muboriza burda shavad, davat namud, ki Sovethoi deputathoi korgaron dar Polsha beshtar tashkil karda shavand; bo Rossiyai Soveti hamrai budani khudro izhor namuda, dar borai ba Internatsionali Kommunisti hamroh shudani partiya qaror qabul kard, hangomi jangi Rossiya Sovetiyu Polsha, ki soli 1920 Polsha sar karda bud, PKKP az pinhonkori istoda, Davlati Sovetiro dastgiri kard va muqobili zaminhoi Ukraina va Belorussiyaro zabt namudani Polsha baromad.

Sezdi 2-yumi PKKP (1923) dar masalai dehqonon va masalai milli dar mavqei lenini istod. Dar Sezdi 3-yum (1925) prinsihoi tashkili, sokhti partiya va normahoi hayoti partiyavi muayyan karda shud; partiya Partiyai Kommunistii Polsha PKP nom girift. Sezdi 4-umi Partiyai Kommunistii Polsha PKP (1927) zaminai dokhili va khorijii tabadduloti Pilsudskiyro tahlil namud, vazifahoi Partiyai Kommunistii Polsha PKP-ro dar muborizai ziddi rejimi «sanksioni» muayyan kard. Soli 1929 rokhhbariyati navi partiya bo sardorii Yu. Lenskiy intikhob gardid. Sezdi 6-um (1932) Programmai navi partiyaro qabul kard. Solhoi 1920—30 Partiyai Kommunistii Polsha PKP korgaron va dehqononro ba muborizai ziddi rejimi «sanasioni» safarbar karda, korpartoiho va namoishhoi harbii ziyode tashkil namud. Solhoi 1935—37 Partiyai Kommunistii Polsha PKP qarorhoi Kongressi 7-umi Internatsionalii Kommunistiro ba amal barovarda, tashabbuskori muboriza baroi yagonagnii amaliyoti kommuniston va sotsialiston, baroi muttahidkunii hamai quvvahoi vatandust va demokrati dar muborizai umumii ziddi fashizm gardid.

Solhoi 1936—38 hazorho kommunistoni polyak dar Ispaniya dar Brigaden internatsioialii ba nomi Ya. Dombrovskiy jagindand, Az soli 1923 ba hayati Partiyai Kommunistii Polsha PKP partiyami kommunistin Ukrainai Garbi va Belorussiyai Garbi bo huquqi tashkilothoi mukhtor dokhil shudand. Partiyai Kommunistii Polsha PKP dar seym fraksiyai deputati dosht (1921—35). Solhoi 1930 Partiyai Kommunistii Polsha PKP karib 20 hazor azo dosht. Bisyor kommuniston dar habs budand. Bo tashabbusi Partiyai Kommunistii Polsha PKP dar Polsha bisyor gazetahoi lega-lii chap (ziyoda az 300 nomguy) tashkil karda shud. Organi markazi — gazetai gayrilegalii «Chervoni shtandar» va jurnali «Novi shpeglend». Soli 1938 binobar aybhoe, ki ba Partiyai Kommunistii Polsha PKP monda shudand, Komijroiyai Internatsionalii Kommunisty (KIIK) dar borai parokanda kardani Partiyai Kommunistii Polsha PKP qaror qabul kard (badtar malum shud, ki in ayshho beasosayad). Badi parokandashavii Partiyai Kommunistii Polsha PKP, kommuniston faoliyati khudro dar ittifoqhoi kasaba va digar, tashkilothoi jamiyati davom dodand.

Sentyabri 1939 kommuniston ba muborizai ozodikhohii khalqi Polsha ba muqobili istilogaroni fashistii nemis sardori namudand. Yanvari 1942 azoyoni sobiqi Partiyai Kommunistii Polsha PKP bo sardorii M. Novak, P. Fpnder va digar tavshabbuskor tasisi Partiyai korgarii Polsha gardidand. Soli 1956 Partiyai Kommunistii Ittifoqi Soveti KPSS, Partiyai Kommunistki Italiya, Partiyai Kommunistii Bulgoriya, Partiyai Kommunistii Finlyandiya va Partiyai muttahidai korgarii Polsha dar izhoroti yakjoyai khud parokanda karda shudani Partiyai Kommunistii Polsha PKP-ro (soli 1938) beasos donistand.

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BOQIEV Makhsud Inoyatulloevich

BOQIEV Makhsud Inoyatulloevich (tavallud 20.10. 1954, Khujand), muarrikhi tojik, doktori ilmhoi tarikh (2000), professor (2002), …