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Palasso

Palasso (ital. Ralazzo, az lot. Ralatium — qasr; kushk, az nomi tali Palatina barmeoyad, ki dar on jo imperatoroni Rimi Qadim qasrho mesokhtaand), yak nav kushki (asri 15) khosi davrai Ehyoi Italiya (asosan dar Florensiya — ejodi memoron F. Brunelleski, Mikelosso di Barto­lommeo, L. B. Alberti, Benedetto da Mayano).

Palassoi qadim beshtar az binoi 3, bazan 2 yo 4-oshyona iborat buda, peshtoqash ba tarafi kucha nigaronida shuda bud; markazi kompo­zitsionii on havlii daruni ba hisob meraft, ki on: bo ravoqtoqho ihota megardid. Dar oshyonai 1-umi Palasso binohoi mamuri, dar oshyonai 2-yum mehmonkhonaho, dar oshyonai 3- yum khonahoi istiqomati joy megiraftand.

Palassohoi davrahoi avval baze khususiyathoi sanati qasrsozii asrhoi miyonaro nigah doshtaand. Dar Palassoi asri 16 (memoron D. A. Bramante, J. va A. da Sangallo, Rafael, B. Perussi, Mikelanjelo, B. Buontalanti, B. Ammanati — beshtar dar Rim va Florensiya; A. Palladio dar Vichensa, M. Sanmikeli dar Verona) memoron kushish mekardand, ki sokhti bino bo muhiti atrof va na­moi bino bo havlii daruni mutanosib boshad. Ba bisyor Palaasoho khusu­siyathoi mahalli khos budand. Palassohoi boshukuhi Venetsiya (memor Ya. San­sovino va digararon) va Genuya G. Alessi va digaron) az hamin qabiland.

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