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Pak Chi Von

Pak Chi Von (takhallus YO n a m; 5. 3. 1737, Seul — 10. 12. 1805, hamon jo), navisanda va mutafakkiri Ko­reya, buzurgtarin namoyandai harakati sirkhakikha (raviyae dar afkori jamiyatii okhirhoi asrhoi miyonai Koreya, ki bar ziddi skholastikai konfusiyachigi tavassuti targibi do­nishi haqiqi — sirkhak muboriza meburd). Az oilai ashrofi nachandon davlatmand. Avvalin shuda goyahoi sirkhakro dar adabiyoti badei jori namudaast. 7 novellai nakhustinash bo ilovai «Guftor dar vasfi Kvan Mun» (taqriban 1754) dar majmuai nasrii «Tarikhi gayrirasmii pa­vilon» Pangyongak» gird omadaand.

Navisaidai haqiqatnitor dar ejodiyotash nuqsonhoi chamiyati feodaliro fosh karda («Guftor dar borai yanban»), qafomonii iqtisodi va madanii in jamiyatro zeri tanqidi sakht megirad. Dar bayni asarhon digari Pak Chi Von «Ruznomai Jekhey» (26 kitob, solhoi 80 asri 18) mavqei namoyon dorad, ki yoddoshti safari u ba Khitoy (1780) ast. Pak Chi Von chunin meshumorid, ki baroi nekuahvolii khalq donishhoi ilmi va tajribai digar mamlakathoro omukhta istifoda kardan zarur ast.

Dar novel­lai romani «Nabardi palang» mahorati hajvnigorni u ravshan aks yoftaast. Nuqtai olii ejodiyoti Pak Chi Von «Qissai Kho Sen» ast, ki navisanda dar on jamiyati khayolii be­sinfro tasvir namudaast. Ashori lirikii falsafi va manzaravii Pak Chi Von sarshori hissi vatandustiyu umed ba oyandan durakhshon ast. Dar maqolahoi adabii tanqidiash ahamiyati jamiyati va tarbiyavii adabiyotro takid kardaast. Soli 1957 So­veti Umumijahonii Sulh 220-solagii ruzi tavalludi Pak Chi Vonro jashn girift.

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