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Payvasthoi organikii surb

Payvasthoi organikii surb, payvasthoi khimiyavie, ki dar molekulaashon bandi karbon-surb (S—R) dorand. In payvastkho baroi Pb (IV) khosand. Navhoi asosii Payvasthoi organikii surb inhoand:

R4Pb, R3PbX, R2PbX2, RPbX3, R2PbO; O

RPb^ R3Pb — PbR3 (R — radnkaln OH

organiki, X — boqimondai kislota). Hosilahoi khurdmolekulai alkilii Payvasthoi organikii surbi navi R4Pb va R3Pb Jj-y — PbR3 moddahoi moe, hosilahoi aromati va navhoi boqimondai Payvasthoi organikii surb moddahoi sakhtand. Payvasthoi organikii surb ro bo usulhoi zerin hosil mekunand. 1) .Tasiri namakhoi Pb ba payvasthoi organikii magniy, litiy yo simob: 4RMgX+2PbX2-*-R4pb+ Pb+4MgX2 R2Hg+Pb(OCOCH3) 4—►

-►R2Pb (OOOOH3) 2 + Hg(OCOCH3)2. 2) Tasiri khulai PbNa.6a alkil- galogenidho; usuli mazkur dar sa­noat baroi hosil kardani tetraetili surb istifoda meshavad.

4PbNa+4QH5a->Pb.(C2H5) 4+ +4NaCl+3Pb

Payvasthoi organikii surb ba osoli oksid va az tasiri kmelotakho, namakhoi baze me­tallho vayron meshavand.

R4Pb+HX-»-R3PbX4- DN R4 Pb+HgX2-^R^PbX+RHgX Az in moddaho hangomi garm kardan Pb-i metalli va radskalhoi ozod hosil meshavand; istifodai R(S2Nv)4 chun ilovai antidetonasioni ba suzishvorii ukhdorihho bo hamin kho- siyat asos yoftaast. Hamai Payvasthoi organikii surb  (khususan Payvasthoi organikii surbi alifati) zahrnokand.

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