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Paganini Nikkolo

Paganini (Paganini) Nikkolo (27. 10. 1782, Genuya —27. 5. 1840, Nissa), skripkanavoz va bastakori italiyavi. Az oilai savdogar. Az sinnn 11-solagi dar konsertho ishtirok dosht. Az soli 1797 dar Italiya va az 1828 dar bisyor mamlakathoi Evropa baromad kardaast. Paganini yake az asosguzoroni romantizmi musiqist. U shunavandaro bo obrazhoi musiqii shoirona, takhayyuloti durparvoz, tazodhoi dramavi, mahoratu gayrati bemisli navozandagiash maftun mekard.

Yake az jihathoi namoyoni faoliyati Paganini ozodona va badehatan navokhtanu ejod namudani asar bud. Hayoti Paganini, ki sarshori lahzahoi romantikivu voqeoti margub bud va khud qiyofai «azozilnamo» dosht, dar borai shakhsiyati vay rivoyathoi ziyode boftaand. Ruhoniyoni katoliki Paganiniro baroi ozodfikriash taqib mekardand. In bud, ki hatto dafni Paganiniro dar Italiya man kardand. Tanho pas az chand sol jasadi uro ba Par­ma ovardand. G. Geyne dar povesti «Shabhoi Florensiya» (1836) obrazi Paganiniro ofaridaast.

Paganini bastakori buzurg buda, <#24 kap­richcho» baroi skripka, 2 konsert ba­roi skripka bo orkestr, kvartetu sonataho baroi skripka va gitara, yakchand pesavu variasiyaho ejod kardaast, ki onho dar tarikhi musi­qi maqomi makhsus dorand. Baze asarhoi skripkavii Paganiniro F. List, R. Shuman, I. Brams, S. V. Rakhmani­nov dar ejodi khud istifoda burdaand.

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