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Padej

Padej, kategoriyai grammatikii khissahoi nomii nutq (ism, sifat, jonishin, shumora) dar zabonhoi hinduevropoi, turki, finu ugori, somi, kavkazi va gayra. Dar zabonhon imruzai eroni Padej dar zabonhoi pomiri, pushtu, osetini mavjud ast.

Shaklhoi kategoriyai mazkur munosibathoi gunoguni bayni azoi mustaqil va gayrimustaqili iboraro ifoda karda, ba vositai affiksho va fleksiyai dokhili ba vujud meoyand. Shumorai Padejho dar zabondo har khel ast (masalan, dar zaboni rusi— 6, zaboni anglisi — 2, zaboni fi­ni —15 va gayra).

Padej ba hamai zabonho va davrahoi mukhtalifi inkishofi onho khos nest. Chunonchi, zabonhoi qadimai eroni — avestoi, forsim qadim doroi 8 Padej budand, vale dar zaboni imruzai tojiki va forsi Padej mavjud nest. Dar in zabonho vazifahoi Padejro peshoyandho, peshoyandu artiklho va pasoyandho ijro mekunand.

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Инчунин кобед

MUHAMMAD MAHDII NAROQI

MUHAMMAD MAHDII NAROQI  (soli tavalludash nomalum—vafotash 1831), yake az ulamoi shiai Eron. Malumoti ibtidoiro dar …