Malumoti ohirin
Home / Gunogun / Padarshohi

Padarshohi

Padarshohi, yak shakli mamuli munosibathoi jamoti ibtidoist, ki zimni on dar khojagi, chamiyat va oila mard hukmfarmoi mekunad. Dar natijai taraqqii quvvahoi istehsolkunanda va afzudani hosilnokii mehnat dar hamai sohahoi khojagii jamoai ibtidoi: dehqoni, chorvodori, shikor va mohigiri Padarshohi ba amal payvast. Taraqqkyoti istehsolot boisi avj giriftani mubodila va paydo shudani molikiyati khususi gardid.

Mard zanro az istehsolot dur va pobandi khona kard. Baroi Padarshohi shajarai kheshutabori az tarafi mard, barham khurdani yagonagii khojagii avlod, guzarish az nikohi gu- ruhi ba monogamiya, dar qabilai mard maskan giriftani zan khos ast. Minbad, munosibathoi patriarkhali dar natijai afzudani nobarobarii moddi, paydoishi gulomdorii ibtidoi va sinfho mustahkam gardidand.

Dar bobi mavqei Padarshohi dar tarikhi jamiyat dar tuli asrho bahs meraft. Nazariyai azali budani Padarshohi dar jamiyati insoni nufuzi kalon paydo karda bud. Aflotun va Arastu niz hamin aqidaro dastgiri mena- mudand. Asri 19 in aqidaro G. Men himoya namud. Solhoi 1860—70 avval I. Bakhofen, bad L. G. Morgan aqidai azali budani Padarshohiro rad namudand. Nuktahoi asosii aqidai Morganro Fridrikh Engels dastgiri kard va inki- shof dod; onhoro qismi ziyodi olimoni soveti qabul namudand. Ammo baze etnografhoi burjuazi payravi nazariyai azali budani Padarshohi mebo- shand.

Adabiyot: Engels Fridrikh, Paydoishi oila, molikiyati khususi va davlat, Karl Marks, Fridrikh Engels, Asari mundarijai jildi 2, Dushanbe, 1965; Morgan L: G., Drevnee obshestvo, perevod s angliyskogo Leningrad 1934.

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

MUQANNA

MUQANNA (soli tavallud nomalum — vafot 783), laqabi Hoshim ib-ni Hakim — peshvoi shurishi khalqhoi …