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PEKChE

korea

PEKChE, yake az se davlati Koreya (P., Koguryo, Silla), dar avvalhoi milod dar natijai parokandashavii munosibathoi jamoai ibtidoi ban­ki qabilahoi makhan, ki dar qismi markazi va janubu garbii nimjazirat Ko­reya maskun budand, ba vujud omadaast. Solnomahoi Koreya dar Pekche ba vuvud omadani qonunho (masalan, qonuni hifzi mulki khususi) va mansabhoro ba asri 3 nisbat medihand. Tashakkuli nadstroykai davlati, zohiran, dar nimai duyumi asri 4. ba itmom rasidaast. Buddoiya niz hamchun dini rasmi dar Pekche hamoi vaqt jori gardid (soli 384). Oid ba kharak­tert ijtimoiyu iqtisodii davlati Pekche fikri yagonae nest. Zohiran, dar Pekche zamin molikiyati davlat buda, ap­parati davlati istehsolkunandagonro netismor mekardaast. Onho Majbur budand andoz dihand, zahmat kashand va khizmati majburii harbiro ado kunand. Istismori asironi harbii ba gulom tabdil do­dashuda niz zohiran roli muayyane mebozid. Az okhiri asri 4 munosibati Pekche bo Koguryo, ki mekhost mulkhoi janubiro zabt kunad, tezu tund shud. Pekche badi muvaffaqiyathoi muvaqqatii harbi shikasthoi sakht khurd va mulkhoi dar Koreyai Markazi doshtai khudro az dast dod. Poytakhti Pekche az Khanson (hozira Kvanchu) avval (soli 475) ba Upchkhon (hozira Konchu), bad (538) ba Soburi (hozira Puë) kuchonida shud. Janghoe, ki asrhoi 5—7 bo hamsoyagoni puriqtidor, khususan bo Silla burd, Pekchero baso zaif gardond. Armiyai dailati Silla va sulolai khitoii Tan soli 660 poytakhti Pekchero ishgol namud. Territoriyai Pekche ba tasarrufi hokimiyati istilogaroni Tan guzasht. Dar okhiri asri 7 mulkhoi Pekche ba haqati davlati muttahidai Silla dokhil karda shud.

Madaniyati Pekche ba inkishofi madaniyati Yaponiyai avvalhoi asrhoi miyona tasiri namoyone rasond.

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