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Orifi Qazvini

Orifi Qazvini Mirzo Abulqosim (1882, Qazvin — 1933, Hamadon), shoiri eroni. Az oilai mullo. Hamchun shoir va hofiz dar solhoi Revolyutsiyai Eron (1905—11) shuhrat yoft. Orifi Qazvini dar in solho dar kuchavu maydoni shahrho konsert barpo kar­da, ashorashro khudash ba ohang da­rovarda mekhond.

Makhsusan tasnifhoi tanqidie, ki bo ohangi surudu taronahoi khalqi az tarafi khudash suruda meshudand, khele shuhrat dosh­tand. Gazaliyoti davrai mashrutakhohii Orifi Qazvini niz doroi mazmunhoi balandi ijtimoi va vatandustiand («Zinda bod», «Nolai murg», «Payomi ozodi», «Libosi mart» va gayra). Badi shikast khurdani inqilobi solhoi 1915—20 Orifi Qazvini ba Turkiya va Iroq muhojirat kard.

Dar ejodiyoti indavrainai shoir ohanghoi ruhaftodagi va nafrat ba muhiti mavduda baland sado medihand. Orifi Qazvini dar manzumai «Kharnoma» nisbat ba sokhtu muhiti mavjuda nafrat bayon kardaast (tamomi ahli kishvarro, az shoh to gado khar va Eronro mamlakati kharon nomidaast). Dar tan­qidu mazammat mavqei muayyani ijtimoivu akhloqi nadoshtani «Kharnoma»-ro Eraj Mirzo dar masnavii ”Orifnoma”, ki javobi manzumai Orifi Qazvini ast, sakht mahkum kardaast.

Inqirozi saltanati qojoriyaro Orifi Qaznavi bo khushnudi istiqbol kard va dar ibtido Rizoshohro (1925—41) chun barpokunandai jumhuriyat tabriku tahniyat guft. Vale badi shoh elon gardidani u sakht noumed shud va ba Berlin muhojirat kard. Badi bozgashtan (1927) khudi Orifi Qaznavi ba Hamadon badarga va nashri osoru konserthoyash man karda shudand. Orifi Qaznavi dar tashakkuli raviyai demokratii nazmi muosiri Eron, dar quvvat giriftani janbavu prinsiphoi khalqiyat va sinfiyati nazmi muosiri forsi sahmi arzanda guzoshtaast. Sherhoyash ba zaboni rusi tarjuma va nashr shudaand. Namunahoi oso- rash dar matbuoti Tojikiston niz ba tab rasidaand.

Adabiyot: Braginskiy I., Komis­sarov Dushanbe, Persidskaya literatura, Moskava, 1962; G a e m p a n a kh G. G., Aref Kazvini — grajdanskiy poet Irana, Moskva., 1971.

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SATO, asbobi musiqii torist, ki bo kamoncha menavozand. Sato dar bayni tojikoi, uzbekho, eroniyon, afgonho …