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Oqquyunlu

Oqquyunlu, oqquyli, ittifoqi qabilahoi turku oguz, ki dar na- tijai muttahidshavii qabilahoi bo­diyanishini turku oguz (asrhoi 8— 11) ba vudud omadaast. Dertar dar yurishhoi Salchuqiyon ishtirok namuda, ba Janub va Farb (Kavkaz, Khuroson, Osiyoi Pesh) pahn shudaast. Oqquyunluhoi boqimondai sohili daryoi Sir va domanahoi kuhi Nurato bo uzbekho va qaraqalpoqho omekhta shudaand. Etnonimi Oqquyunlu to avvali asri 20 dar bayni qungirotho, qaraqalpoqhoi vodii Zarafshon boqi mond. Qismi ziyodi Oqquyunlu asri 14 Baynannahrayni Boloro az khud karda, Diyorbakrro markazi khud qaror dodand va davlate tashkil namudand.

Sardori davlati Oqquyunlu Uzun Hasan (solhoi hukmroniash 1453—78) bo yorii imperatori Tarabzon Dovud (Uzun Hasan ba khohari Dovud khonador bud) solhoi 50 asri 15 bar dushmani khud — sulolai Qaraquyunlu galaba karda, Armanistonro ba dast darovard. Soli 1467 sardori davlati Karaquyunlu Jahonshohro maglub karda, Ozarboyjonro istilo namud. Solhoi 60 asri 15 hududi davlati Oqquyunlu khele vase gardid va on Ozarboyjoni Janubi (bo Qarabog), Iroq, qismi ziyodi Eron (gayr az Khuroson, Mozandaron, Gelon)-ro zabt namud. Poytakhti mamlakat ba shahri Tabrez kucho- nida shud. Avvali asri 16 qizilboshho bo sardorii Ismoili I davlati Oqquyunluro torumor kardand.

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